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Uphill shifts in distribution of butterflies in the Czech Republic: effects of changing climate detected on a regional scale
Aim To assess whether altitude changes in the distribution of butterflies during the second half of the 20th century are consistent with climate warming scenarios. Location The Czech Republic.… Expand
Habitat of pre-hibernating larvae of the endangered butterfly Euphydryas aurinia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): What can be learned from vegetation composition and architecture?
Habitats of pre-hibernating gregarious larvae of the endangered Marsh Fritillary butterfly (Euphydryas aurinia) were studied in field in Western Bohemia, Czech Republic. The species inhabits moist… Expand
Adaptive radiations in butterflies: evolutionary history of the genus Erebia (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)
We studied the speciose butterfly genus Erebia by reconstructing its phylogenetic relationships using parsimony and Bayesian approaches. We estimated times and rates of diversification for its… Expand
Diversification of the cold-adapted butterfly genus Oeneis related to Holarctic biogeography and climatic niche shifts.
- I. Klečková, M. Cesanek, Z. Fric, L. Pellissier
- Biology, Medicine
- Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
- 1 November 2015
Both geographical and ecological speciation interact during the evolution of a clade, but the relative contribution of these processes is rarely assessed for cold-dwelling biota. Here, we investigate… Expand
Species-specificity of the Phengaris (Maculinea) : Myrmica host system: fact or myth? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae; Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Phengaris butterflies, which is the valid name for Maculinea van Eecke, 1915, display an intricate parasitic relationship with Myrmica ants. The relationship was long believed to be non-specific, so… Expand
Phylogeny of Maculinea blues (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) based on morphological and ecological characters: evolution of parasitic myrmecophily
A phylogeny of blue butterflies of the genus Maculinea and related genera (Lycaenidae) is proposed, based on 91 morphological and ecological characters. The resulting tree shows that: (1) Phengaris… Expand
Demography of adults of the Marsh fritillary butterfly, Euphydryas aurinia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Czech Republic: Patterns across sites and seasons
The Marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) has declined across Europe, including the Czech Republic. Current conservation strategies rely on prevention of habitat loss and… Expand
Red & black or black & white? Phylogeny of the Araschnia butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and evolution of seasonal polyphenism
Phylogeny of the butterfly genera Araschnia, Mynes, Symbrenthia and Brensymthia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalini) is reconstructed, based on 140 morphological and ecological characters. The… Expand
Wolbachia Infections Mimic Cryptic Speciation in Two Parasitic Butterfly Species, Phengaris teleius and P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Deep mitochondrial divergence within species may result from cryptic speciation, from phylogeographic isolation or from endosymbiotic bacteria like Wolbachia that manipulate host reproduction.… Expand
Butterfly extinctions in European states: do socioeconomic conditions matter more than physical geography?
Aim To distinguish the effects of physical geography and socioeconomic conditions on the extinction of butterflies in European states, and to compare patterns influencing extinctions with patterns… Expand