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Human DNA variation is currently a subject of intense research because of its importance for studying human origins, evolution, and demographic history and for association studies of complex diseases. A approximately 10-kb region on chromosome 1, which contains only four small exons (each <155 bp), was sequenced for 61 humans (20 Africans, 20 Asians, and 21(More)
  • Z Zhao, L Jin, +10 authors W H Li
  • 2000
Human DNA sequence variation data are useful for studying the origin, evolution, and demographic history of modern humans and the mechanisms of maintenance of genetic variability in human populations, and for detecting linkage association of disease. Here, we report worldwide variation data from a approximately 10-kilobase noncoding autosomal region. We(More)
The RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST)/neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF) can repress transcription of a battery of neuronal differentiation genes in non-neuronal cells by binding to a specific consensus DNA sequence present in their regulatory regions. However, REST/NRSF(-/-) mice suggest that the absence of REST/NRSF-dependent repression(More)
Delayed but prolonged hypothermia persistently decreases cell death and functional deficits after global cerebral ischemia in rodents. Postischemic hypothermia also reduces infarction after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rat. Because initial neuroprotection is sometimes transient and may not subserve functional recovery, especially on demanding(More)
Rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of key cellular proteins is a crucial event in signal transduction. The regulatory role of protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) in this process was explored by studying the effects of a powerful PTP inhibitor, pervanadate, on the activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade. Treatment of HeLa cells with(More)
Sulfoglucuronyl carbohydrate is the terminal moiety of neolacto-oligosaccharides, expressed on several glycoproteins of the immunoglobulin superfamily involved in cell-cell recognition and on two glycolipids. Sulfoglucuronyl carbohydrate is temporally and spatially regulated in the developing nervous system. It appears to be involved in neural cell(More)
Administration of delavirdine, an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor, to rats or monkeys resulted in apparent loss of hepatic microsomal CYP3A and delavirdine desalkylation activity. Human CYP3A catalyzes the formation of desalkyl delavirdine and 6'-hydroxy delavirdine, an unstable metabolite, while CYP2D6 catalyzes only desalkyl delavirdine. CYP2D6(More)
The question of whether the effects of insulin and glucagon on hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity are mediated largely by changes in the phosphorylation state of the enzyme or by changes in the quantity of enzyme protein was investigated by measuring enzyme protein and mRNA levels. If phosphorylation/dephosphorylation(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the temporal sequence of cellular changes in the glenoid fossa and to quantify the amount of bone formation in response to mandibular advancement. One hundred 35-day-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 experimental groups (15 rats each) and 5 control groups (5 rats each). In the experimental(More)