Learn More
gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is an ectoenzyme that catalyzes the first step in the cleavage of glutathione (GSH) and plays an essential role in the metabolism of GSH and GSH conjugates of carcinogens, toxins, and eicosanoids. To learn more about the role of GGT in metabolism in vivo, we used embryonic stem cell technology to generate GGT-deficient(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is a major source of reducing equivalents in mammalian cells. To examine the role of GSH synthesis in development and cell growth, we generated mice deficient in GSH by a targeted disruption of the heavy subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gammaGCS-HS(tm1)), an essential enzyme in GSH synthesis. Embryos homozygous for(More)
Mutations in the EXT1 gene are responsible for human hereditary multiple exostosis type 1. The Drosophila EXT1 homologue, tout-velu, regulates Hedgehog diffusion and signaling, which play an important role in tissue patterning during both invertebrate and vertebrate development. The EXT1 protein is also required for the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate(More)
5-Oxoprolinuria (pyroglutamic aciduria) resulting from glutathione synthetase (GSS) deficiency is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder characterized, in its severe form, by massive urinary excretion of 5-oxoproline, metabolic acidosis, haemolytic anaemia and central nervous system damage. The metabolic defect results in low GSH levels presumably with(More)
We have recently identified a mouse enzyme termed gamma-glutamyl leukotrienase (GGL) that converts leukotriene C4 (LTC4) to leukotriene D4 (LTD4). It also cleaves some other glutathione (GSH) conjugates, but not GSH itself (Carter, B. Z., Wiseman, A. L., Orkiszewski, R., Ballard, K. D., Ou, C.-N., and Lieberman, M. W. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272,(More)
To study the function of gamma-glutamyl leukotrienase (GGL), a newly identified member of the gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) family, we generated null mutations in GGL (GGL(tm1)) and in both GGL and GGT (GGL(tm1)-GGT(tm1)) by a serial targeting strategy using embryonic stem cells. Mice homozygous for GGL(tm1) show no obvious phenotypic changes. Mice(More)
We used mice with a targeted disruption in g-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT-deficient mice) to study the role of glutathione (GSH) in protection against oxygen-induced lung injury. These mice had reduced levels of lung GSH and restricted ability to synthesize GSH because of low levels of cysteine. When GGT-deficient mice were exposed to 80% oxygen, they(More)
gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase is a key enzyme in glutathione (GSH) salvage, metabolism of endogenous mediators such as leukotrienes and prostaglandins, detoxification of xenobiotics including environmentally important compounds and carcinogens, and cellular processes dependent on the oxidation/reduction of glutathione. The enzyme is widely distributed, and(More)
We have isolated and characterized cDNA and genomic clones containing the coding region for the mouse gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). The sequences of the full-length cDNAs for three of the seven known mouse Ggt RNAs (types I, II and III) were determined and found to be identical in the coding region. Comparisons of the deduced amino-acid sequence of(More)
We used mice deficient in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) to analyze the effects of GGT deficiency and altered thiol levels on gene expression in liver. GGT-deficient mice have markedly reduced levels of glutathione (GSH), cysteine, methionine, and cysteinylglycine in liver. Steady-state RNA levels of the catalytic subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine(More)