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Dietary genistein, a natural flavone compound found in soy, has been proposed to be responsible for the low rate of breast cancer in Asian women. The cellular mechanisms of genistein's chemopreventive effects in vio have been largely unexplored. In our previous studies, we found that genistein exerted pronounced antiproliferative effects on both estrogen(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with occult breast cancer (OBC). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 95 patients with OBC who were treated at our facility between January 1998 and June 2010. Of the 95 patients, 64 underwent mastectomy plus axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) with(More)
BACKGROUND Breast carcinoma and precancer are thought to start in the lining of the milk duct or lobule, yet until recently, we have not had direct access to this area other than by blindly removing tissue by core biopsy or fine-needle aspiration. Fiberoptic ductoscopy (FDS) is an emerging technique allowing direct visual access to the ductal system of the(More)
In addition to the role in regulating leukocyte trafficking, chemokines recently have been shown to be involved in cancer growth and metastasis. Chemokine network in tumor neovascularity may be regulated by decoy receptors. Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) is a specific decoy receptor binding with the angiogenic CC and CXC chemokines. To(More)
Most of the hypodermis of a rhabditid nematode such as Caenorhabditis elegans is a single syncytium. The size of this syncytium (as measured by body size) has evolved repeatedly in the rhabditid nematodes. Two cellular mechanisms are important in the evolution of body size: changes in the numbers of cells that fuse with the syncytium, and the extent of its(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the activity and safety of nonanthracycline-containing weekly PCb [paclitaxel (Taxol) plus carboplatin] regimen in neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients were assigned to receive four cycles of PCb with dose of paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2) and carboplatin at an area under the curve of 2 mg x min/ml,(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer and precancer are thought to originate in the lining of the milk duct, but until recently, we have not had direct access to this area other than in tissue removed blindly by core biopsy or fine-needle aspiration. Fiberoptic ductoscopy (FDS) is an emerging technique that allows direct visual access of the ductal system of the breast(More)
PURPOSE Tumor-specific DNA has recently been detected in the plasma of lung, head and neck, breast, and colon cancer patients. Detection of tumor-specific genetic materials in cancer patients at sites distant from the tumor, such as in the blood, may provide a unique and valuable tumor marker for diagnosis and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The present(More)
p21/waf1/cip1 and mdm-2 are downstream effectors of p53. p21 plays a major role in negatively regulating cell-cycle progression, while mdm-2 inhibits p53 effects, and its role has been implicated in oncogenesis. In this study, we investigated the expression profiles of p21, mdm-2 and p53 in human breast-carcinoma tissues. The aim was to determine whether a(More)
Human breast carcinoma is biologically heterogeneous, and its clinical course may vary from an indolent slowly progressive one to a course associated with rapid progression and metastatic spread. It is important to establish prognostic factors which will define subgroups of patients with low vs high risk of recurrence so as to better define the need for(More)