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Bifidocin B produced by Bifidobacterium bifidum NCFB 1454 was purified to homogeneity by a rapid and simple three step purification procedure which included freeze drying, Micro-Cel adsorption/desorption and cation exchange chromatography. The purification resulted in 18% recovery and an approximately 1900-fold increase in the specific activity and purity(More)
Five stains of Bifidobacterium bifidum (ATCC 11863 and 29591, and NCFB 1453, 1454, 1455) were examined for production of bacteriocins in MRS broth with 0.05% cysteine. Only strain NCFB 1454 excreted a bacteriocin into the broth: it was designated bifidocin B. Bifidocin B was sensitive to several proteolytic enzymes (protease IV, pronase E, protease XVII,(More)
Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) are common human pathogens. In this report we demonstrate the capacity of HSV-2, but not HSV-1, to inhibit the activity and cell surface expression of Fas ligand, an important molecule involved in T-cell apoptosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Cells infected with HSV-2 retained Fas ligand(More)
Bacteria isolated from radish were identified as Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris R and their bacteriocin was designated lactococcin R. Lactococcin R was sensitive to some proteolytic enzymes (proteinase-K, pronase-E, proteases, pepsin, alpha-chymotrypsin) but was resistant to trypsin, papain, catalase, lysozyme and lipase, organic solvents, or heating at(More)
Apoptosis is postulated to be involved as an anti-viral immune mechanism by killing infected cells before viral replication has occurred. The Fas-Fas ligand interaction is a powerful regulator of T cell apoptosis and could potentially act as a potent anti-viral immune mechanism against T cell tropic virus such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We(More)
The study was conducted on the anthocyanin (TA) level and antioxidant activity (AA) of a local genotype of sweetpotato (Hatay Kirmizi) and heating process effects including boiling, steaming, frying on TA and AA levels. The anthocyanin calibration graph of standard cyanidin-3-glucoside gave linear equation (y= 0.0113x+ 0.0045 ; R = 0.9986). Anthocyanin(More)
Although radioiodinated interleukin 2 (IL-2) has been used to define the binding characteristics of the cytokine to the alpha chain of the receptor complex, we have found that unsubstituted IL-2 behaves differently. Whereas previous investigations with radioiodinated IL-2 have shown binding to the alpha chain with a Kd of 10 nM, we show that unsubstituted(More)
A total of ten sweetpotato genotypes were grown in a field trial in 2003 and 2004 and certain agronomical and quality characteristics were determined. Local variety Hatay Kirmizi (Hatay Red) was selected as suitable to the Aegean Region for storage root number (7.7) and storage root yield (8.1 tons /ha ) as well as acceptable quality characteristics: dry(More)
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