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A cDNA encoding human IL-17 (hIL-17) was cloned from a CD4+ T cell library. The predicted 155-amino acids sequence contains an N-terminal signal peptide and exhibits 72% amino acid identity with HVS13, an open reading frame from a T-lymphotropic Herpesvirus saimiri, and 63% with murine CTLA8. High levels of hIL-17 were induced from primary peripheral blood(More)
T helper type 1 (Th1) development is facilitated by interrelated changes in key intracellular factors, particularly signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)4, T-bet, and GATA-3. Here we show that CD4+ cells from T-bet-/- mice are skewed toward Th2 differentiation by high endogenous GATA-3 levels but exhibit virtually normal Th1(More)
We previously defined a cholesterol recognition/interaction amino acid consensus (CRAC; ATVLNYYVWRDNS) in the carboxyl terminus of the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), an outer mitochondrial membrane protein involved in the regulation of cholesterol transport into the mitochondria, the rate-determining step in steroid biosynthesis. We examined(More)
Inhibitors of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) have been reported to block tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) production in monocytes at the level of mRNA translation. Yet, several studies document that p38 can phosphorylate and activate specific transcription factors. Thus, to understand better the role of(More)
The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are activated by cellular stresses and play an important role in regulating gene expression. We have isolated a cDNA encoding a novel protein kinase that has significant homology (57% amino acid identity) to human p38alpha/CSBP. The novel kinase, p38delta, has a nucleotide sequence encoding a protein of 365(More)
BACKGROUND We tried to determine whether morphine mimics preconditioning (PC) to reduce cell death in cultured cardiomyocytes and whether opioid delta(1) receptors, free radicals, and K(ATP) channels mediate this effect. METHODS AND RESULTS Chick embryonic ventricular myocytes were studied in a flow-through chamber while flow rate, pH, and O(2) and CO(2)(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces prostate cancer (CaP) cell proliferation in vitro. Several lines of evidence suggest that IL-6 may promote CaP progression through induction of an androgen response. In this work, we explored whether IL-6 induces androgen responsiveness through modulation of androgen receptor (AR) expression. We found that in the absence of(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) have been identified as the cause of ichthyosis vulgaris (IV) and also predisposing factors for atopic dermatitis (AD) and AD-associated phenotypes. Until now, over thirty mutations in FLG have been identified in patients with IV and AD, but the FLG mutation spectrum is not clear(More)
Casein kinase Iepsilon (CKIepsilon), a central component of the circadian clock, interacts with and phosphorylates human period protein 1 (hPER1) [Keesler, G.A. et al. (2000) NeuroReport 5, 951-955]. A mutation in CKIepsilon causes a shortened circadian period in Syrian Golden hamster. We have now extended our previous studies to show that human casein(More)
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) refers to the unique capability of aggressive tumor cells to mimic the pattern of embryonic vasculogenic networks. In the study we demonstrated that CD133 expression was the highest in triple-negative (TN) breast cancer specimens. Importantly, VM showed statistical correlation with CD133(+) expression. The presence of the close(More)