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An efficient maize regeneration system was developed using mature embryos. Embryos were removed from surface-sterilized mature seeds and sliced into halves. They were used as explants to initiate callus on induction medium supplemented with 4.0 mg l−1 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). The induction frequency of primary calli was over 90% for all(More)
The influences of cefotaxime and carbenicillin on regeneration potential of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) mature embryos were investigated. Filter-sterilized cefotaxime enhanced regeneration capacity although it did not affect the average number of shoots per explant. The highest regeneration capacity of 55.4 % was obtained on regeneration medium(More)
Many remarkable properties of graphene are derived from its large energy window for Dirac-like electronic states and have been explored for applications in electronics and photonics. In addition, strong electron-phonon interaction in graphene has led to efficient photo-thermo energy conversions, which has been harnessed for energy applications. By combining(More)
Hard X-ray sources from femtosecond (fs) laser-produced plasmas, including the betatron X-rays from laser wakefield-accelerated electrons, have compact sizes, fs pulse duration and fs pump-probe capability, making it promising for wide use in material and biological sciences. Currently the main problem with such betatron X-ray sources is the limited average(More)
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