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Mutant I1A cells, lacking IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) mRNA and protein, have been used to study the involvement of IRAK in NFkappaB and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. A series of IRAK deletion constructs were expressed in I1A cells, which were then tested for their ability to respond to IL-1. Both the N-terminal death domain and the(More)
The antioxidant systems of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) are important in maintaining sperm motility and viability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of varying doses of trehalose on in vitro semen quality variables and antioxidant activities of frozen-thawed(More)
Although Rhodiola sacra aqueous extract (RSAE) has been used in many studies as an antioxidant, its effects on semen characteristics and its antioxidant properties during cryopreservation of boar sperm have never been evaluated. Semen was collected from five Duroc boars (2-4-year-old) twice weekly and frozen-thawed in extender with RSEA. Motion(More)
AIM To investigate the role of endoscopic monitoring in small bowel transplantation. METHODS This study was conducted in two parts-an initial experimental study followed by a clinical study. In the experimental study, segmental small bowel allotransplantation was performed on white outbred pigs. Stomas were created for exteriorization of the proximal and(More)
AIM To investigate recovery of the allografted small intestine function after clinical small bowel transplantation (SBT). METHODS The structure of the graft was evaluated by endoscopic biopsy and histopathologic examination. Graft functions were assessed by D-xylose absorption, barium studies, nitrogen balance calculation, and blood and stool cultures.(More)
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