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BACKGROUND White-nose syndrome is a disease of hibernating insectivorous bats associated with the fungus Geomyces destructans. It first appeared in North America in 2006, where over a million bats died since then. In Europe, G. destructans was first identified in France in 2009. Its distribution, infection dynamics, and effects on hibernating bats in Europe(More)
We studied the impact of road E461, Brno-Vienna, on bat mortality, with the goal to predict this impact after the road has been reconstructed and turned into highway, R52. In the Czech territory, two proposed road sections of E461 were selected, 3.5 and 4.5 km long, and divided into segments 100 m in length. Bat carcasses were picked up from emergency(More)
While Pseudogymnoascus destructans has been responsible for mass bat mortalities from white-nose syndrome (WNS) in North America, its virulence in Europe has been questioned. To shed the light on the issue of host-pathogen interaction between European bats and P. destructans, we examined seventeen bats emerging from the fungus-positive underground(More)
Host traits and phylogeny can determine infection risk by driving pathogen transmission and its ability to infect new hosts. Predicting such risks is critical when designing disease mitigation strategies, and especially as regards wildlife, where intensive management is often advocated or prevented by economic and/or practical reasons. We investigated(More)
Because body temperature is tightly coupled to physiological function, hibernating animals entering deep torpor are typically immobile. We analysed thermal behaviour and locomotory activity of hibernating greater mouse-eared bats Myotis myotis and found two types of movement behaviour related to body temperature, i.e. movement at high fur temperature and at(More)
INTRODUCTION Erdheim-Chester disease is a very rare syndrome affecting adult population. It typically causes hyperostosis of long bones, retroperitoneal fibrosis and widening of the aortic wall. Patients frequently suffer from disease-associated fevers and pain in the lower limbs. No guidelines are available for the treatment of this rare ailment.(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare cause of interstitial lung disease characterized by formation of nodules in the active phase of the disease that evolve into nonactive cystic lesions later on. To evaluate PLCH activity in patients, we developed a new method for measuring diffuse metabolic activity on(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the study was to review the cases of sentinel lymph node biopsy for breast cancer in which preoperative lymphoscintigraphy had shown no axillary hot spot; to assess the frequency of failed examinations and possible causes of the failure; to analyze subsequent surgical procedures and hence to provide a general recommendation on what(More)
BACKGROUND Incidence and mortality rates of colorectal malignancies in the Czech Republic are one of the highest in the world since over 7,500 patients are diagnosed yearly. About 25% of patients are diagnosed in clinical stage IV and in average more than 50% of patients who are diagnosed initially with resectable disease will relapse sooner or later.(More)
BACKGROUND Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) are the most frequent malignancy seen in young men. More than 95% of patients diagnosed with early stage TGCT are cured. In management of stage I seminoma there are several treatment options, including adjuvant radiotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy with one cycle of carboplatin or surveillance. Patients with stage(More)