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Although cell migration is crucial for neural development, molecular mechanisms guiding neuronal migration have remained unclear. Here we report that the secreted protein Slit repels neuronal precursors migrating from the anterior subventricular zone in the telencephalon to the olfactory bulb. Our results provide a direct demonstration of a molecular cue(More)
Although the biological activity of the insect moulting hormone ecdysone, is manifested through a hormonally regulated transcriptional cascade associated with chromosomal puffing, a direct association of the receptor with the puff has yet to be established. The cloned ecdysone receptor (EcR) is by itself incapable of high-affinity DNA binding or(More)
The intrinsic properties of mammalian spinal motoneurons provide them with the capability to produce high rates of sustained firing in response to transient inputs (bistability). Even though it has been suggested that a persistent dendritic calcium current is responsible for the depolarizing drive underlying this firing property, such a current has not been(More)
Motoneurons integrate synaptic input and produce output in the form of trains of action potentials such that appropriate muscle contraction occurs. Motoneuronal calcium currents play an important role in the production of this repetitive firing. Because these currents change in the postnatal period, it is necessary to study them in animals in which the(More)
The quality and value of the carcass in domestic meat animals are reflected in its protein and fat content. Preadipocytes and adipocytes are important in establishing the overall fatness of a carcass, as well as being the main contributors to the marbling component needed for consumer preference of meat products. Although some fat accumulation is essential,(More)
In northern China, annual epidemics of acute-onset flaccid paralysis diagnosed clinically as Guillain-Barré syndrome have been recognized for at least 20 years. On the basis of an historical analysis of more than 3,200 patients, distinctive features include most cases occurring during the summer months among children and young adults, most of whom reside in(More)
Mice deficient for the RB gene (RB-/-), prior to death at embryonic day 14.5, show increased cell death in all tissues that normally express RB1: the nervous system, liver, lens, and skeletal muscle precursor cells. We have generated transgenic mice (RBlox) that express low levels of pRb, driven by an RB1 minigene. RBlox/RB-/- mutant fetuses die at birth(More)
An in vitro isolated whole spinal cord preparation has been developed in 'motor functionally mature' mice; that is mice of developmental maturity sufficient to weight-bear and walk. In balb/c mice this stage occurs at around postnatal day 10 (P10). Administration of strychnine elicited synchronous activity bilaterally in lumbar ventral roots. Rhythmic(More)
Calpastatin (CAST) is a naturally occurring protein that inhibits the normal tenderization of meat as it ages postmortem. A SNP was identified in the CAST gene (a G to C substitution) and genotyped on crossbred commercially fed heifers (n = 163), steers (n = 226), and bulls (n = 61) from beef feedlots, and steers (n = 178) from a University of Guelph(More)
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is expressed in adipose tissue, interacts with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and binds to hormone-sensitive lipase and therefore, plays an important role in lipid metabolism and homeostasis in adipocytes. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of the bovine FABP4 gene with fat(More)