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The development of drug addiction involves persistent cellular and molecular changes in the CNS. The brain dopamine and glutamate systems play key roles in mediating drug-induced neuroadaptation. Changes in dendritic morphology in medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and caudate putamen (CPu) accompany drug-induced enduring behavioral(More)
It has been suggested that p53 plays an important role in skin carcinogenesis. The p21 molecule acts as a downstream effector of wild-type p53 by enacting cell cycle arrest. We studied p53 and p21 expression in sun-exposed skin. Healthy volunteers were exposed to ultraviolet irradiation (UVA + UVB) in normal, previously non-sun-exposed skin, and skin(More)
AIM Loss of heterozygosity at 19q13.3 is a common genetic change in human gliomas, indicating yet unknown glial-specific tumour suppressor genes in this chromosome region. NCX2/SLC8A2 located on chromosome 19q13.32 encodes a Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger, which contributes to intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. Its expression is restricted to brain, and it is(More)
Ultraviolet light, which is the major etiology of human skin cancer, will cause mutations in the p53 gene. We and others have found that such mutations occur in more than one-half of non-melanoma squamous cell cancer and precancer. Immunostaining for p53 has disclosed a characteristic compact pattern not only in cancer/precancer but also in areas of(More)
Microdissection is a powerful technique in molecular pathology and genetic investigations. To detect genetic alterations such as gene mutation or deletion from tumor specimen, the purity of target cells is extremely critical. Unwanted cell contamination will dramatically dilute the detectable level of the abnormality. The major obstacle in clinical research(More)
Microdissection of biopsies with sequencing of exons 4-8 of the p53 gene permitted precise morphological identification of correlation between mutations and/or loss of heterozygosity, immunoreactivty of p53 and type of squamous neoplasia. Seventy-two specimens from ten lesions of sun-exposed sites including normal epidermis were analysed. Irrespective of(More)
A procedure for direct sequencing of the human p53 gene based on micro-dissection of frozen tumor tissue stained with methylene blue without prior fixation is described. The approach, which is suitable for large-scale analysis, is based on solid-phase DNA sequencing of amplified genomic DNA and does not involve preparative electrophoresis, precipitations,(More)
A proposed progenitor cell for basal cell carcinoma is a stem cell located in the bulge of the hair follicle. Previous investigations have shown that basal cell carcinoma has a specific stroma requirement for its growth. Likewise the development of a normal hair follicle requires the inductive force of a specialized structure with condensed mesenchyme that(More)
The effect of cold graft ischemia time on the development of transplant arteriosclerosis was investigated. Aorta grafts from DA or PVG rats were stored in a cold perfusion solution for 1, 4, or 24 hours before being orthotopically transplanted to PVG recipients. After observation times ranging from 2 to 8 weeks, the grafts were examined for various cell(More)
Human basal cell cancer (BCC) has unique growth characteristics with virtual inability to metastasize. We investigated clonality and genetic progression using p53 mutations as marker. Sampling was done through microdissection of frozen immunohistochemically stained 16 microm slices of tumors. From 11 BCC tumors 78 samples were analysed. Direct DNA(More)