Z. O. Kubinski

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Transforming DNA was exposed to either beta-propiolactone or 1,3-propane sultone and then used for transformation of competent bacteria to nutritional independence from tyrosine and tryptophan (linked markers) and leucine (an unlinked marker). The ability to transform was progressively lost by the DNA during incubation with either of these two chemicals.(More)
In vitro exposures of isolated DNA to one of the two carcinogenic and mutagenic chemicals, diethylsulfate or dimethylsulfate, induces several kinds of physicochemical and morphological alterations. These changes are detectable by a variety of independent techniques. A fraction of DNA treated briefly with either of these two chemicals moves during velocity(More)
The effects of several carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic chemicals, ultraviolet light, and some presumably noncan cinogenic analogs of carcinogenic compounds were tested for their ability to induce in vitro complexes between pun fied nucleic acids and between nucleic acids and proteins. Several independent analytical methods were used to mini mize the(More)
This report describes a novel technique for screening potential carcinogens and mutagens. The DNA-cell-binding (DCB) assay is based on earlier observations which indicated that DNA and other nucleic acids exposed to active carcinogens strongly react with other macromolecules, producing nucleic acid--nucleic acid and nucleic acid--protein adducts. The latter(More)
Transforming DNA exposed to either diethyl sulfate (diES) or dimethyl sulfate (diMS) is inactivated. The rate of inactivation depends on the marker tested and on the chemical used: diMS is more active than diES. Cotransformation of linked markers is similarly depressed. In contrast, there is a transient increase in the cotransformation of distant, unlinked(More)
Transcribed portions of mouse nuclear DNA are adjacent to sites reacting preferentially with polyriboguanylic acid [poly(G)]. This spatial relationship was suggested by hybridization of radioactively labeled Ehrlich ascites RNA with denatured mouse DNA, the latter fractionated by centrifugation in CsCl equilibrium density gradients both in the presence and(More)