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BACKGROUND Biofuels offer a viable alternative to petroleum-based fuel. However, current methods are not sufficient and the technology required in order to use lignocellulosic biomass as a fermentation substrate faces several challenges. One challenge is the need for a robust fermentative microorganism that can tolerate the inhibitors present during(More)
ADP-ribosyl transferase (ADPRT) is a DNA-dependent chromatin-associated enzyme which covalently attaches ADP-ribose moieties derived from NAD+ to protein acceptors to form poly(ADP-ribose). ADPRT activity is strongly stimulated by breaks in DNA, and it is suggested that its activity is required for efficient DNA excision repair. In this paper, a(More)
The heavy chains variable region gene (VH) of monoclonal antibody against beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) was amplified from total DNA extracted from anti-BNYVV hybridoma cells by PCR. Sequencing showed that the VH belongs to mouse subgroup II(A) and contains 360 bp, which code one hundred and twenty amino acids. The VH and VL genes were inserted(More)
The genetic activity of 2 commercial caramel preparations, manufactured either by heating the malt sugar solution directly (non-ammoniated caramel) or by heating it with ammonia (ammoniated caramel) was studied in the Salmonella mutagenicity test and UDS assay in cultured mammalian cells. The non-ammoniated caramel was found to be mutagenic to S.(More)
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