Z. Nikolovska-Coleska

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We report the discovery and characterization of SM-406 (compound 2), a potent and orally bioavailable Smac mimetic and an antagonist of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). This compound binds to XIAP, cIAP1, and cIAP2 proteins with K(i) of 66.4, 1.9, and 5.1 nM, respectively. Compound 2 effectively antagonizes XIAP BIR3 protein in a cell-free(More)
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is a potent cellular inhibitor of apoptosis. Designing small-molecule inhibitors that target the BIR3 domain of XIAP, where Smac/DIABLO (second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase/direct IAP-binding protein with low pI) and caspase-9 bind, is a promising strategy for inhibiting the antiapoptotic(More)
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is a promising new molecular target for the design of novel anticancer drugs aiming at overcoming apoptosis-resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents and radiation therapy. Recent studies demonstrated that the BIR3 domain of XIAP where caspase-9 and Smac proteins bind is an attractive site for designing(More)
We have designed MI-219 as a potent, highly selective and orally active small-molecule inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction. MI-219 binds to human MDM2 with a K(i) value of 5 nM and is 10,000-fold selective for MDM2 over MDMX. It disrupts the MDM2-p53 interaction and activates the p53 pathway in cells with wild-type p53, which leads to induction of cell(More)
Small-molecule Smac mimetics are being developed as a novel class of anticancer drugs. Recent studies have shown that Smac mimetics target cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein (cIAP)-1/2 for degradation and induce tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-dependent apoptosis in tumor cells. In this study, we have investigated the mechanism of action and(More)
The RAS/BRAF/MEK/ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is emerging as a key modulator of melanoma initiation and progression. However, a variety of clinical studies indicate that inhibiting the MAPK pathway is insufficient per se to effectively kill melanoma cells. Here, we report on a genetic and pharmacologic approach to identify survival(More)
A successful structure-based design and synthesis of a class of highly potent conformationally constrained Smac mimetics is described. The most potent compound has a Ki value of 25 nM binding to the XIAP BIR3 protein and is 23 times more potent than natural Smac peptides. These potent Smac mimetics can serve as powerful chemical and pharmacological tools to(More)
Using a high-throughput screening (HTS) approach, we have identified and validated several small-molecule Mcl-1 inhibitors (SMI). Here, we describe a novel selective Mcl-1 SMI inhibitor, 2 (UMI-77), developed by structure-based chemical modifications of the lead compound 1 (UMI-59). We have characterized the binding of UMI-77 to Mcl-1 by using complementary(More)
Smac/DIABLO is a protein released from mitochondria into the cytosol in response to apoptotic stimuli. Smac promotes apoptosis at least in part through antagonizing inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs), including XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2. Smac interacts with these IAPs via its N-terminal AVPI binding motif. There has been an enormous interest in academic(More)
A successful structure-based design of a class of non-peptide small-molecule MDM2 inhibitors targeting the p53-MDM2 protein-protein interaction is reported. The most potent compound 1d binds to MDM2 protein with a Ki value of 86 nM and is 18 times more potent than a natural p53 peptide (residues 16-27). Compound 1d is potent in inhibition of cell growth in(More)