Learn More
BACKGROUND Mounting evidence indicates that long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications can alter the morphology and connectivity of cellular processes in the cerebral cortex. The cytoskeleton plays an essential role in the maintenance of cellular morphology and is subject to regulation by intracellular pathways associated with neurotransmitter(More)
We examined the long-term effects of a short-lasting (approximately 24 h) inflammatory insult generated by injections of 0.25% carrageenan (1 microl/g) into the hindpaws of newborn (P0) rat pups. At P60 animals which experienced this early inflammatory insult showed significant alterations in the withdrawal responses to noxious stimulation of the affected(More)
This study examined the effects of cocaine use during the second trimester of pregnancy on cerebral neocortical volume and density, and total number of neocortical neurons and glia in offspring. We also evaluated the extent of postnatal recovery of cytoarchitectural abnormalities previously observed in the neocortex of two-month-old primates born from(More)
This study examined the effect of cocaine on cell proliferation in the fetal monkey cerebral wall. Pregnant monkeys received cocaine daily (10 mg/kg, orally, in fruit treats, at 07.00 h and 19.00 h) beginning on the 40th day of pregnancy (E40). The control animals received fruit treats only. One set of monkeys was used to examine the state of cell(More)
This study addresses the hypothesis that the previously described capacity of D1 dopamine receptors (D1Rs) to regulate dendritic growth in developing cortical neurons may involve alterations in the phosphorylation state of microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2). The changes in phosphorylation of this protein are known to affect its ability to stabilize the(More)
One class of spinal interneurons, the Renshaw cells, is able to discharge at very high frequencies in adult mammals. Neuronal firing at such high frequencies requires voltage-gated potassium channels to rapidly repolarize the membrane potential after each action potential. We sought to establish the pattern of expression of calbindin and potassium channels(More)
Adrenoceptors have been suggested to mediate neuronal development. This study revealed the expression of alpha2A adrenoceptors in the cortical plate of fetal mouse cerebral wall. The effects of alpha2A adrenoceptor on dendrite growth were investigated in primary neuronal cultures. Application of alpha2 adrenoceptor agonists, BHT 933 or UK 14304 for 24 or 72(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that chronic exposure of fetal monkeys to cocaine could result in development of the neocortex with significant cytoarchitectonic abnormalities [Synapse, 21 (1995) 435-444]. In the present study, we examined the developmental time-frame within which neocortical cytoarchitecture is susceptible to modifications by prenatal cocaine(More)
Transferase dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) analysis was used to compare the occurrence of cell death in the cerebral wall of cocaine-exposed and drug-naïve monkey fetuses. The rhesus monkeys providing the drug-exposed fetuses received 10 mg/kg of cocaine orally (in fruit treats) in the morning and in the evening between pregnancy days 50 and 65. The(More)
  • 1