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OBJECTIVE In the presurgical workup of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative (MRI(-) or "nonlesional") pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy (PFE) patients, discovering a previously undetected lesion can drastically change the evaluation and likely improve surgical outcome. Our study utilizes a voxel-based MRI postprocessing technique, implemented in a(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the utility of magnetic source imaging (MSI) and ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), each compared with intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) (ICEEG), to localize the epileptogenic zone (EZ) and predict epilepsy surgery outcome in patients with nonlesional neocortical focal epilepsy. METHODS Studied were 14(More)
PURPOSE Subtraction ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) co-registered to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (SISCOM) is a useful modality to identify epileptogenic focus. Using this technique, several studies have generally considered the area of highest ictal hyperperfusion, as outlined by thresholding the difference images with a(More)
Both researchers and practitioners have a growing interest in ethical decision-making in the workplace. While ethics has been explored at the individual (e.g., cognitive moral development, moral identity) and organizational level (e.g., ethical culture, corporate social responsibility), few studies have examined ethical decision-making at the group level.(More)
PURPOSE The orbitofrontal (OF) region is one of the least explored regions of the cerebral cortex. There are few studies on patients with electrophysiologically and surgically confirmed OF epilepsy and a negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. We aimed to examine the neuroimaging characteristics of MRI-negative OF epilepsy with the focus on a(More)
Management of MRI-negative patients with intractable focal epilepsy after failed surgery is particularly challenging. In this study, we aim to investigate whether MRI post-processing could identify relevant targets for the re-evaluation of MRI-negative patients who failed the initial resective surgery. We examined a consecutive series of 56 MRI-negative(More)
PURPOSE There have been an increasing number of studies involving ultra-high-field 7T of intracranial pathology, however, comprehensive clinical studies of neuropathology at 7T still remain limited. 7T has the advantage of a higher signal-to-noise ratio and a higher contrast-to-noise ratio, compared to current low field clinical MR scanners. We hypothesized(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Advanced MRI postprocessing techniques are increasingly used to complement visual analysis and elucidate structural epileptogenic lesions. This review summarizes recent developments in MRI postprocessing in the context of epilepsy presurgical evaluation, with the focus on patients with unremarkable MRI by visual analysis (i.e.(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the agreement between magnetoencephalography (MEG) and intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) results, to determine the characteristics that lead to concordance, and to assess how these factors relate to favorable epilepsy surgery outcome. MATERIALS This retrospective study reviewed 50 patients who had positive MEG findings and(More)