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2-Aminonumconic 6-semialdehyde is an unstable intermediate in the biodegradation of nitrobenzene and 2-aminophenol by Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45. Previous work has shown that enzymes in cell extracts convert 2-aminophenol to 2-aminomuconate in the presence of NAD+. In the present work, 2-aminomuconic semialdehyde dehydrogenase was purified and(More)
2-Aminomuconate, an intermediate in the metabolism of tryptophan in mammals, is also an intermediate in the biodegradation of nitrobenzene by Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45. Strain JS45 hydrolyzes 2-aminomuconate to 4-oxalocrotonic acid, with the release of ammonia, which serves as the nitrogen source for growth of the microorganism. As an initial step(More)
Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45 grows on nitrobenzene by a partially reductive pathway in which the intermediate hydroxylaminobenzene is enzymatically rearranged to 2-aminophenol by hydroxylaminobenzene mutase (HAB mutase). The properties of the enzyme, the reaction mechanism, and the evolutionary origin of the gene(s) encoding the enzyme are unknown. In(More)
2-Aminomuconate is an intermediate in the oxidative metabolism of tryptophan in mammals. The compound is not commercially available, and studies of its metabolism have been prevented by the lack of a chemical synthesis and the instability of the molecule. We report here the formation of 2-aminomuconate from 2-aminophenol by the coupled action of(More)
In spite of the variety of initial reactions, the aerobic biodegradation of aromatic compounds generally yields dihydroxy intermediates for ring cleavage. Recent investigation of the degradation of nitroaromatic compounds revealed that some nitroaromatic compounds are initially converted to 2-aminophenol rather than dihydroxy intermediates by a number of(More)
Picolinic acids have been synthesized previously from catechols by the action of catechol 2,3-dioxygenase and a subsequent chemical reaction in the presence of ammonia. 2-Aminophenol 1,6-dioxygenase catalyzes ring cleavage of several ortho-aminophenols. The ring fission products spontaneously convert to picolinic acids. Resting cells of Escherichia coli(More)
Hydroxylaminobenzene mutase is the enzyme that converts intermediates formed during initial steps in the degradation of nitrobenzene to a novel ring-fission lower pathway in Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45. The mutase catalyzes a rearrangement of hydroxylaminobenzene to 2-aminophenol. The mechanism of the reactions and the properties of the enzymes are(More)
The generation of ultrarelativistic positron beams with short duration (τ(e+) ≃ 30  fs), small divergence (θ(e+) ≃ 3  mrad), and high density (n(e+) ≃ 10(14)-10(15)  cm(-3)) from a fully optical setup is reported. The detected positron beam propagates with a high-density electron beam and γ rays of similar spectral shape and peak energy, thus closely(More)
Microbial metabolism of nitroarenes via o-aminophenols requires the participation of two key enzymes, a nitroreductase and an hydroxylaminobenzene mutase. The broad substrate ranges of the enzymes suggested that they could be used as biocatalysts for the production of substituted o-aminophenols. We have used enzymes from Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45(More)