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Specific membrane lipid composition is crucial for optimized structural and functional organization of biological membranes. Cardiolipin is a unique phospholipid and important component of the inner mitochondrial membrane. It is involved in energy metabolism, inner mitochondrial membrane transport, regulation of multiple metabolic reactions and apoptotic(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) is an important signaling lipid and plays a crucial role in a wide variety of cellular processes by interacting with protein targets and localizing proteins at the plasma membrane. These interactions are strongly influenced by the lateral distribution of PI(4,5)P2 as well as its ionization state. The(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) is an important lipidic signaling molecule that is involved in a broad range of cellular processes. Its interaction with proteins and its lateral distribution are governed by the ionization state of the phosphomonoester groups and its ability to form intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds. In this study(More)
The divalent cation Ca2+ is a key component in many cell signaling and membrane trafficking pathways. Ca2+ signal transduction commonly occurs through interaction with protein partners. However, in this study we show a novel mechanism by which Ca2+ may impact membrane structure. We find an asymmetric concentration of Ca2+ across the membrane triggers(More)
Detailed knowledge of the degree of ionization of lipid titratable groups is important for the evaluation of protein-lipid and lipid-lipid interactions. The degree of ionization is commonly evaluated by acid-base titration, but for lipids localized in a multicomponent membrane interface this is not a suitable technique. For phosphomonoester-containing(More)
Radio communication system performance can be degraded by inadvertent interference in nearby channels or by intentional jamming in the transmitheceive tlequency band. The effeets of interference and jamming depend on many factors and several techniques can be used to mitigate their impact. Simulation provides a means of quantitatively evaluating the impact(More)
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