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VEGF is a secreted mitogen associated with angiogenesis and is also a potent vascular permeability factor. The biological role of VEGF in the ischemic brain remains unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate whether VEGF enhances cerebral microvascular perfusion and increases blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage in the ischemic brain. Using magnetic(More)
Progenitor cells in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus can proliferate throughout the life of the animal. To examine the proliferation and fate of progenitor cells in the subventricular zone and dentate gyrus after focal cerebral ischemia, we measured the temporal and spatial profiles of(More)
Electroencephalographic gamma band oscillations (GBOs) induced over the human primary somatosensory cortex (SI) by nociceptive stimuli have been hypothesized to reflect cortical processing involved directly in pain perception, because their magnitude correlates with pain intensity. However, as stimuli perceived as more painful are also more salient, an(More)
We measured, in vivo, the local concentration of nitric oxide (NO) in cerebral tissue, during and after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat (n = 8). Baseline concentration of NO was < 10(-8) M; upon initiation of ischemia, NO concentration increased to approximately 10(-6) M and then declined. Reperfusion likewise stimulated an increase in(More)
We developed a new model of embolic cerebral ischemia in the rat which provides a reproducible and predictable infarct volume within the territory supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The MCA was occluded by an embolus in Wistar rats (n = 71). An additional three non-embolized rats were used as a control. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE After stroke, brain tissue undergoes time-dependent heterogeneous histopathological change. These tissue alterations have MRI characteristics that allow segmentation of ischemic from nonischemic tissue. Moreover, MRI segmentation generates different zones within the lesion that may reflect heterogeneity of tissue damage. METHODS A(More)
Focal brain ischemia induced in rats by occlusion of an intracranial artery is a widely used paradigm of human brain infarct. Details of the structural changes that develop in either the human or the rat brain at various times after occlusion of an intracranial artery are incompletely characterized. We studied, in 48 adult Wistar rats, structural(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenic factor produced in response to ischemic injury, promotes vascular permeability (VP). Evidence is provided that Src kinase regulates VEGF-mediated VP in the brain following stroke and that suppression of Src activity decreases VP thereby minimizing brain injury. Mice lacking pp60c-src are resistant to(More)
Molecular mechanisms by which stroke increases neurogenesis have not been fully investigated. Using neural progenitor cells isolated from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult rat subjected to focal cerebral ischemia, we investigated the Notch pathway in regulating proliferation and differentiation of adult neural progenitor cells after stroke. During(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the temporal distribution of the p53-immunoreactive protein in conjunction with cellular damage and the expression of the p53 mRNA after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS Male Wistar rats (n = 66; controls, n = 7) were subjected to 2 hours of middle cerebral artery occlusion and were killed at various times of(More)