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Large aspiny neurons and most of the GABAergic interneurons survive transient cerebral ischemia while medium spiny neurons degenerate in 24 h. Expression of a long-term enhancement of excitatory transmission in medium spiny neurons but not in large aspiny neurons has been indicated to contribute to this selective vulnerability. Because neuronal excitability(More)
Somatodendritic Kv4.2 channels mediate transient A-type potassium currents (I(A)), and play critical roles in controlling neuronal excitability and modulating synaptic plasticity. Our studies have shown an NMDA receptor-dependent downregulation of Kv4.2 and I(A). NMDA receptors are heteromeric complexes of NR1 combined with NR2A-NR2D, mainly NR2A and NR2B.(More)
Synapses are essential to neuronal functions. Synaptic changes occur under physiological and pathological conditions. Here we report the remodeling of synapses in the CA1 area of the hippocampus after transient global ischemia using electron microscopy. Much electron-dense material appeared in the cytoplasm of dendrites at 24h after ischemia. Many dark(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the frequency and polymorphism of three mutations (CCR5(Delta)32, CCR2-64I and SDF1-3'A alleles) conferring resistance to determined HIV-1/AIDS in the indigenous Han population in China. METHODS The study population included 1,267 subjects, of which consisted 98.7% (1,251/1,267) Han people. The genotypes of the three mutations were(More)
TIF1γ is a novel regulator of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/Smad signaling. Our previous studies show that dysregulated expression of transcriptional intermediary factor 1 γ (TIF1γ) and abnormal TGF-β/Smad signaling are implicated in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) separately. However, how TIF1γ contributes to NSCLC by controlling TGF-β/Smad(More)
Hypersaline wastewater, generated by many industrial activities, is difficult to treat through conventional biological processes. In this kind of hypersaline environment, complex nutrients are needed for the normal growth of many microorganisms. For this paper, the organisms were taken from a municipal wastewater treatment plant and acclimated to 15%(More)
Adult mammals have experience-dependent plasticity in visual system, but it is unclear whether adult insects also have this plasticity after the critical period of visual development. Here, we have established a modified Y-maze apparatus for investigating experience-dependent plasticity in Drosophila. Using this setup we demonstrate that flies after the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequencies and polymorphisms of CCR5-delta 32, CCR2-64I and SDF1-3' A alleles conferring resistance to HIV-1 infection in Chinese population from Han ethnic origin. METHODS This cohort was comprised of 1251 subjects (915 men and 336 women) aged 15-80 years and none was HIV-1 positive. Genotyping of allelic CCR5-delta 32,(More)
OBJECTIVE To detect the genotypes and sequences of the exon 1 of human mannose-binding protein (MBP) allele in 5 Chinese nationalities. METHODS The genotypes of MBP gene of 5 Chinese nationalities were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP). The exon 1 of the MBP gene of 22 Chinese Hans was analyzed by(More)