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Recent studies indicate that wortmannin, a potent inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, interferes with bile acid secretion in rat liver; taurocholate induces recruitment of ATP-dependent transporters to the bile canalicular membrane, and PI 3-kinase products are important in intracellular trafficking. We investigated the role of PI 3-kinase in(More)
The culture conditions found to result in stable proliferation of normal rat hepatocytes are: (i) subconfluent cell densities; (ii) serum-free medium; (iii) hormonally defined medium containing epidermal growth factor, insulin, glucagon, prolactin, and other growth factors; and (iv) substrata of liver extracellular matrix depleted of growth inhibitors.(More)
Gp170 (also known as P-glycoprotein) is a transmembrane glycoprotein which is overexpressed in multidrug-resistant tumor cells and is also found in the apical plasma membrane domain of several normal human and animal tissues. Gp170 has been postulated to function as an energy-dependent efflux pump for cytotoxic drugs. In rat liver, Gp170 is restricted to(More)
Evidence is presented that ligandin, an intracellular protein involved in the binding of such anions as bilirubin, indocyanine green, and penicillin, is identical to glutathione S-transferase B (EC 2.5.1.18), an enzyme catalyzing the conjugation of glutathione with such electrophiles as 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, iodomethane,(More)
TR- mutant Wistar rats secrete markedly fewer organic anions other than bile acids from the liver into the bile than do control rats. Fluorescence-image analysis of isolated normal and TR- hepatocyte "doublets", which retain a bile canaliculus between them, revealed that normal hepatocytes readily transport a fluorescent bile acid (fluorescein(More)
Two hepatic cytoplasmic protein fractions, designated Y and Z, which bind sulfobromophthalein (BSP), bilirubin, and other organic anions, have been separated by G75 Sephadex gel filtration. The physiologic role of these protein fractions has been investigated. They are present in the 110,000 g supernatant fraction from the livers of all the species tested(More)
Gp170 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is overexpressed in multidrug-resistant tumor cells and is present in the apical plasma membrane domain of small intestinal mucosal cells. The function of Gp170 was studied in the small intestine of the rat. Jejunal and ileal brush border membrane vesicles, but not basolateral membrane vesicles, manifested(More)
A new procedure is introduced for the isolation of connective tissue fibers, called biomatrix, containing a significant portion of the extracellular matrix (basement membrane components and components of the ground substance). Biomatrix isolated from normal rat liver contains >90% of the tissue's collagens and all of the known collagen types, including(More)