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We describe here the existence of a heregulin-HER3 autocrine loop, and the contribution of heregulin-dependent, HER2-mediated HER3 activation to gefitinib insensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ADAM17 protein, a major ErbB ligand sheddase, is upregulated in NSCLC and is required not only for heregulin-dependent HER3 signaling, but also for(More)
Nonanoyl vanillylamide-4-o-glycerol (glyceryl nonivamide, GLNVA) a nonpungent ether-linked derivative of nonanoyl vanillylamide (nonivamide, NVA) was compared to capsaicin (CAP) and NVA with regard to its depressor response in rats. IV injection of CAP and NVA (10(-1) to 10(-4) mg/kg) in Wistar rats elicit a triphasic blood pressure response, bradycardia,(More)
The application of capsaicin (1 microM) produced a minor relaxant effect in endothelium-denuded rat aortae. However, capsaicin caused a greater relaxation of blood vessels precontracted with high K+ or phenylephrine. The effects of capsaicin on the ionic currents were also examined in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells. The tight-seal whole-cell voltage(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains a major complication in patients suffering from SAH. In our previous study, we reported that stimulating vascular K(+) channel activity prevented the development of cerebral vasospasm. Recent evidence indicates that glyceryl nonivamide (GLNVA), a capsaicin derivative, has a(More)
Cancer cell proliferation relies on the ability of cancer cells to grow, transition through the cell cycle, and divide. To identify novel chemical probes for dissecting the mechanisms governing cell cycle progression and cell division, and for developing new anti-cancer therapeutics, we developed and performed a novel cancer cell-based high-throughput(More)
The effects of tetrandrine, a blocker of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, on ionic currents were investigated in an endothelial cell line (HUV-EC-C) originally derived from human umbilical vein. In whole-cell configuration, tetrandrine (0.5-50 microM) reversibly decreased the amplitude of K(+) outward currents. The IC(50) value of tetrandrine-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Hong Kong (HK) has pluralistic primary care that is provided by a variety of doctors. The aim of our study was to assess patient-reported outcomes of primary care consultations in HK and whether having a family doctor (FD) made any difference. METHODS We interviewed by telephone 3148 subjects from 5174 contacted households (response rate 60.8%)(More)
Aims. To investigate the costs and cost-effectiveness of a short message service (SMS) intervention to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Methods. A Markov model was developed to simulate the cost and effectiveness outcomes of the SMS intervention and usual clinical practice from the(More)
Surveillance of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection in humans and detection of the first imported human On 3 April 2013, suspected and confirmed cases of influenza A(H7N9) virus infection became notifiable in the primary care sector in Taiwan, and detection of the virus became part of the surveillance of severe community-acquired pneumonia. On 24 April,(More)