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To investigate the plasticity of slow and fast muscles undergoing slow-to-fast transition, rat soleus (SOL), gastrocnemius (GAS), and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were exposed for 14 days to 1) unweighting by hindlimb suspension (HU), or 2) treatment with the beta(2)-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol (CB), or 3) a combination of both (HU-CB). In(More)
O-linked N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAc) is a regulatory post-translational modification of nucleo-cytoplasmic proteins that has a complex interplay with phosphorylation. O-GlcNAc has been described as a nutritional sensor, the level of UDP-GlcNAc that serves as a donor for the uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:polypeptide(More)
Time-dependent changes in myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform expression were investigated in rat soleus muscle unloaded by hindlimb suspension. Changes at the mRNA level were measured by RT-PCR and correlated with changes in the pattern of MHC protein isoforms. Protein analyses of whole muscle revealed that MHCI decreased after 7 days, when MHCIIa had(More)
O-linked N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAc) is a regulatory posttranslational modification of nucleocytoplasmic proteins, which consists of the attachment of N-acetylglucosamine to serine or threonine residues of a protein. This glycosylation is a ubiquitous posttranslational modification, which probably plays important roles in many aspects of protein(More)
Excitation-contraction coupling in crab muscle fibers was studied in voltage-clamp conditions. Extracellular calcium is essential for the mechanical activity. Two calcium influxes induced by membrane depolarization contribute to tension development: one is the inward calcium current responsible for the phasic tension, the other is a calcium influx dependent(More)
The adaptation to weightlessness of two postural muscles, the slow soleus (SOL) and the fast gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and a fast muscle used in movements, the extensor digitorum longus (EDL), was studied on five adult Wistar rats. The animals exposed to 14-day spaceflight aboard COSMOS 2044, designated as flight (F), were compared with synchronous (S)(More)
Troponin C (TnC) plays a key role in the regulation of muscle contraction, thereby modulating the Ca(2+)-activation characteristics of skinned muscle fibers. This study was performed to assess the effects of a 15-day hindlimb unloading (HU) period on TnC expression and its functional behavior in the slow postural muscles of the rat. We investigated the TnC(More)
This study was undertaken to correlate some of the functional characteristics with the myofibrillar composition in myosin heavy chain isoforms on newborn and adult rat soleus muscles. The following postnatal ages were chosen in order to determine the role of innervation in the establishment of the mature muscle phenotype: before (postnatal day 6),(More)
Morphological, contractile properties and myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition of rat soleus muscles were studied after 2 weeks of unloading (HS) and after 2 weeks of HS associated with selective deafferentation (HS + DEAF) at the level L4 and L5. The same significant reductions in muscle mass and tetanic tension were found after HS and HS + DEAF. However,(More)
Muscle biopsies were taken from soleus and vastus lateralis before and after a 60-day bed rest (BR) to examine expression changes in the regulatory proteins of the thin filament and in contractile function. Twenty-four women separated in three groups were submitted to BR or a combined protocol of resistance and aerobic exercises during BR or received a(More)