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The adaptation to weightlessness of two postural muscles, the slow soleus (SOL) and the fast gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and a fast muscle used in movements, the extensor digitorum longus (EDL), was studied on five adult Wistar rats. The animals exposed to 14-day spaceflight aboard COSMOS 2044, designated as flight (F), were compared with synchronous (S)(More)
O-linked N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAc) is a regulatory posttranslational modification of nucleocytoplasmic proteins, which consists of the attachment of N-acetylglucosamine to serine or threonine residues of a protein. This glycosylation is a ubiquitous posttranslational modification, which probably plays important roles in many aspects of protein(More)
The effects of ryanodine, a neutral alkaloid, on crab muscle fibers were investigated under voltage clamp conditions using the double sucrose-gap technique. In the presence of ryanodine, contracture develops without any membrane depolarization and the Ca-conductance variables are shifted in a hyperpolarizing direction. As a result, the Ca channels are(More)
The neural message is known to play a key role in muscle development and function. We analyzed the specific role of the afferent message on the functional regulation of two subcellular muscle components involved in the contractile mechanism: the contractile proteins and the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Rats were submitted to bilateral deafferentation (DEAF(More)
The effects of hypergravity (HG) on soleus and plantaris muscles were studied in Long Evans rats aged 100 days, born and reared in 2-g conditions (HG group). The morphological and contractile properties and the myosin heavy chain (MHC) content were examined in whole muscles and compared with terrestrial control (Cont) age-paired rats. The growth of HG rats(More)
AIMS Although modifications of the survival motor neurone gene are responsible for most spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) cases, the molecular pathophysiology and the muscular target proteins involved are still unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the expression of contractile and regulatory protein isoforms in quadriceps muscles from SMA children with(More)
The functional capacity of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) was examined in the slow soleus of rats submitted to 15 days of disuse produced by hindlimb suspension (HS). By using caffeine-induced contractions of single skinned fibers, Ca2+ uptake, Ca2+ release, and passive Ca2+ leakage through the SR membrane were investigated. In the SR of(More)
Inactivation of Ca channels was examined in crab muscle fibres using the voltage-clamp method. A satisfactory suppression of outward currents was attempted by the use of K+ blocking agents: TEA, 4AP and Cs ions instead of K+ ions applied extracellularly. The inactivation of Ca current appeared as a bi-exponential process. The faster component had a mean(More)
In striated muscles myosin light chain (MLC)2 phosphorylation regulates calcium sensitivity and mediates sarcomere organization. Little is known about the changes in MLC2 phosphorylation in relation to skeletal muscle plasticity. We studied changes in MLC2 phosphorylation in rats receiving three treatment conditions causing slow-to-fast transitions: 1)(More)
This study was undertaken to correlate some of the functional characteristics with the myofibrillar composition in myosin heavy chain isoforms on newborn and adult rat soleus muscles. The following postnatal ages were chosen in order to determine the role of innervation in the establishment of the mature muscle phenotype: before (postnatal day 6), when(More)