Yvonne Monique Kobayashi

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Several key proteins have been localized to junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum which are important for Ca2+ release. These include the ryanodine receptor, triadin, and calsequestrin, which may associate into a stable complex at the junctional membrane. We recently purified and cloned a fourth component of this complex, junctin, which exhibits homology with(More)
Triadin is an integral membrane protein of the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum that binds to the high capacity Ca(2+)-binding protein calsequestrin and anchors it to the ryanodine receptor. The lumenal domain of triadin contains multiple repeats of alternating lysine and glutamic acid residues, which have been defined as KEKE motifs and have been proposed(More)
The coactivator PGC-1alpha mediates key responses of skeletal muscle to motor nerve activity. We show here that neuregulin-stimulated phosphorylation of PGC-1alpha and GA-binding protein (GABP) allows recruitment of PGC-1alpha to the GABP complex and enhances transcription of a broad neuromuscular junction gene program. Since a subset of genes controlled by(More)
To probe the physiological role of calsequestrin in excitation-contraction coupling, transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac calsequestrin were developed. Transgenic mice exhibited 10-fold higher levels of calsequestrin in myocardium and survived into adulthood, but had severe cardiac hypertrophy, with a twofold increase in heart mass and cell size. In whole(More)
Many neuromuscular conditions are characterized by an exaggerated exercise-induced fatigue response that is disproportionate to activity level. This fatigue is not necessarily correlated with greater central or peripheral fatigue in patients, and some patients experience severe fatigue without any demonstrable somatic disease. Except in myopathies that are(More)
We recently identified a novel 8-kDa transmembrane protein, Mat-8, that is expressed in a subset of murine breast tumors. We have now cloned a cDNA encoding the human version of Mat-8 and show that it is expressed both in primary human breast tumors and in human breast tumor cell lines. The extracellular and transmembrane domains of Mat-8 are homologous to(More)
Triadin 1 is a major transmembrane protein in cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), which forms a quaternary complex with the ryanodine receptor (Ca(2+) release channel), junctin, and calsequestrin. To better understand the role of triadin 1 in excitation-contraction coupling in the heart, we generated transgenic mice with targeted overexpression(More)
Reduced ligand binding activity of alpha-dystroglycan is associated with muscle and central nervous system pathogenesis in a growing number of muscular dystrophies. Posttranslational processing of alpha-dystroglycan is generally accepted to be critical for the expression of functional dystroglycan. Here we show that both the N-terminal domain and a portion(More)
Serum biomarkers in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) may provide deeper insights into disease pathogenesis, suggest new therapeutic approaches, serve as acute read-outs of drug effects, and be useful as surrogate outcome measures to predict later clinical benefit. In this study a large-scale biomarker discovery was performed on serum samples from patients(More)
Phospholamban is a phosphoprotein regulator of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum which is phosphorylated in response to beta-adrenergic stimulation. Previous results have shown that phospholamban forms Ca2+-selective channels in lipid bilayers. The channel-forming domain has been localized to amino acid residues 26-52, which form a stable pentameric, helical(More)