Yvonne M. W. Janssen

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We have demonstrated the selective induction of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) or catalase mRNA after exposure of tracheobronchial epithelial cells in vitro to different oxidant stresses. Addition of H2O2 caused a dose-dependent increase in catalase mRNA in both exponentially growing and confluent cells. A 3-fold induction of catalase mRNA was seen(More)
A broad array of oxidative stresses modulates gene expression in a variety of mammalian cells. One goal of this review was to characterize cellular responses to oxidative injury, how these processes are regulated, and the outcome for a particular cell or tissue. Many genes induced in response to specific oxidant stresses have been identified and include(More)
Reactive oxygen (ROS) or nitrogen (RNS) species can affect epithelial cells to cause acute damage and an array of pulmonary diseases. The goal of this study was to determine patterns of early response gene expression and functional end points of exposure to nitric oxide (NO.), H2O2, or peroxynitrite (ONOO-) in a line of rat lung epithelial (RLE) cells. Our(More)
Stimulation of cell signaling cascades by oxidants may be important in the pathogenesis of pulmonary and pleural diseases. Here, we demonstrate in rat pleural mesothelial cells that apoptotic concentrations of crocidolite asbestos and H2O2 induce phosphorylation and activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK). Activation of(More)
To investigate the mechanisms of asbestos-induced carcinogenesis, expression of c-fos and c-jun protooncogenes was examined in rat pleural mesothelial cells and hamster tracheal epithelial cells after exposure to crocidolite or chrysotile asbestos. In contrast to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, which induces rapid and transient increases in c-fos and c-jun(More)
Several studies indicate that active oxygen species play an important role in the development of pulmonary disease (asbestosis and silicosis) after exposure to mineral dust. The present study was conducted to determine if inhaled fibrogenic minerals induced changes in gene expression and activities of antioxidant enzymes (AOE) in rat lung. Two different(More)
Occupational exposure to crocidolite asbestos is associated with the development of nonmalignant and malignant pulmonary disease. Considerable evidence indicates that the mechanisms of asbestos-induced toxicity involve the production of active oxygen species (AOS). Production of AOS in excess of cellular defenses creates an environment of oxidative stress(More)
The mechanisms of cell signaling and altered gene expression by asbestos, a potent inflammatory, fibrogenic, and carcinogenic agent, are unclear. Activation of the transcription factor, nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B, is critical in up-regulating the expression of many genes linked to inflammation and proliferation. Inhalation models of crocidolite- and(More)
In recent years, it has become apparent that minerals can trigger alterations in gene expression by initiating signaling events upstream of gene transactivation. These cascades may be initiated at the cell surface after interaction of minerals with the plasma membrane either through receptorlike mechanisms or integrins. Alternatively, signaling pathways may(More)
This study demonstrates for the first time that respiratory epithelial cells are able to produce the acute phase protein lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP), which is known to play a central role in the defense to bacterial endotoxins (or LPS). Indications for local presence of LBP in human lung was obtained via reverse transcriptase/polymerase(More)