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Recently, the polyglutamine-binding protein 1 (PQBP1) gene was found to be mutated in five of 29 families studied with X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) linked to Xp. The reported mutations include duplications or deletions of AG dinucleotides in the fourth coding exon that resulted in shifts of the open reading frame. Three of the five families with(More)
Holoprosencephaly is a severe malformation of the brain characterized by abnormal formation and separation of the developing central nervous system. The prevalence is 1:250 during early embryogenesis, the live-born prevalence is 1:16 000. The etiology of HPE is extremely heterogeneous and can be teratogenic or genetic. We screened four known HPE genes in a(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) Diagnostic Task Force Criteria (TFC) proposed in 1994 are highly specific but lack sensitivity. A new international task force modified criteria to improve diagnostic yield. A comparison of diagnosis by 1994 TFC versus newly proposed criteria in 3 patient groups was conducted. (More)
Two mechanisms are generally proposed to explain right precordial ST-segment elevation in Brugada syndrome: 1) right ventricular (RV) subepicardial action potential shortening and/or loss of dome causing transmural dispersion of repolarization; and 2) RV conduction delay. Here we report novel mechanistic insights into ST-segment elevation associated with a(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize changes in myometrial contractile proteins and myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms during ovine fetal and neonatal development and after pregnancy. We hypothesized that ovine myometrium demonstrates progressive cellular differentiation and maturation which begins in utero and extends into the postnatal period, and that pregnancy(More)
BACKGROUND About 2-7% of familial cardiomyopathy cases are caused by a mutation in the gene encoding cardiac troponin I (TNNI3). The related clinical phenotype is usually severe with early onset. Here we report on all currently known mutations in the Dutch population and compared these with those described in literature. METHODS TheTNNI3 gene was screened(More)
AIMS We investigated the presence of a clinical diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), risk factors for sudden cardiac death (SCD), and cardiac events during follow-up in predictively tested-not known to have a clinical diagnosis of HCM before the DNA test-carriers of a sarcomeric gene mutation and associations with age and gender to determine the(More)
Maturation rates of vascular and visceral smooth muscle (SM) during ovine development were compared by quantifying contractile protein, myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform contents, and contractile properties of aortas and bladders from female fetal (n = 19) and postnatal (n = 21) sheep. Actin, myosin, and protein contents rose progressively throughout(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial Fibrillation (AF), the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is a significant public health problem in the United States, affecting approximately 2.2 million Americans. Recently, several chromosomal loci and genes have been found to be associated with familial AF. However, in most other AF cases, the genetic basis is still poorly understood. (More)
PURPOSE Anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD) comprises a heterogeneous group of developmental abnormalities that affect several structures of the anterior segment of the eye. The main purpose of this study was to assess the proportion of FOXC1 and PITX2 mutations and copy number changes in 80 probands with ASD. METHODS The patients were examined for FOXC1(More)