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To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia). Pre-post and treated versus control effect sizes (ES) were calculated for all evaluable randomized-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Communication skills combined with specialized knowledge are fundamental to the doctor-patient relationship in surgery. During a single-station video-recorded objective structured clinical examination (VOSCE), students were tasked with obtaining informed consent. Our aim was to develop a standardized and quality-assured assessment method in(More)
Understanding possible interactions between blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses is critical for model-based analyses and the interpretation of experiments that deal with stimuli presented close together in time. Such interactions are well documented in the case of successive positive BOLD responses. However, the influence that a(More)
We defined neonates as small, appropriate, or large for gestational age (SGA, AGA, LGA) based on birth weight, length, and head circumference. We analyzed the effects on the somatic classification of maternal body mass index (BMI) (<18.5, 18.5-24.99, 25.0-29.99, ≥ 30) and smoking during pregnancy (0, 1-7, 8-14, ≥ 15 cigarettes daily). Data were from the(More)
BACKGROUND Admission candidates especially in medicine do not represent the socio-demographic proportions of the average population: children of parents with an academic background are highly overrepresented, and those with parents who are medical doctors represent quite a large and special group. At Göttingen University Medicine, a new admission procedure(More)
BACKGROUND University teaching in ophthalmology has tended to focus on imparting knowledge rather than practical skills. The new skills laboratory at the University Medical Center in Göttingen enables practical skills to be taught. The focus is on basic skills that could help all physicians. The learning goals set are techniques considered basic in(More)
Medical schools in Germany may select 60% of the student applicants through their own admission tests. The influence of the school-leaving examination grades (EGs) in each of the procedural steps is controversial. At Goettingen Medical School, we combine a structured interview and a communicative skills assessment. We analysed how many applicants succeeded(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies in undergraduate medical education have demonstrated the advantage of repeated testing over repeated practice with regard to knowledge and skills retention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this "testing effect" also applies to skills retention in undergraduate dental education. METHODS In this prospective,(More)
Eighteen knee replacements in 15 patients with severe gonarthritis or loosening of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) requiring bone grafting for bony deficiencies were studied before and after operation. The average follow-up was 2.4 years. Fifteen knees showed satisfactory clinical and radiographic results of the integration of the bone grafts. The Hospital(More)
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