Yvonne Duval-Iflah

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The aim of this study was to develop a reliable model system of porcine post-weaning colibacillosis, and in doing so to assess the primary relationship of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli to post-weaning diarrhoea and digestive disorders as encountered in the field. Six sequential experiments were carried out using 168 SPF piglets weaned into an optimal(More)
The loci encoding the porcine intestinal receptors for Escherichia coli K88ab and K88ac (K88abR and K88acR) were firmly assigned to chromosome 13 by linkage analysis using a three-generation pedigree. The linear order of these loci and seven other markers on chromosome 13 was determined by multipoint analyses. The K88abR and K88acR loci were tightly linked(More)
Segregation at the loci coding for the K88ab and K88ac small intestinal receptors to E. coli adhesins (K88abR, K88acR) and at the transferrin (TF) locus was studied in 38 pig families including 273 piglets. The TF locus showed a segregation deviation towards the B variant while each of the K88 receptors behaved as a single autosomal dominant gene.(More)
BACKGROUND This study was carried out to determine whether early inoculation of the plasmid-free human Escherichia coli into human newborns would reduce the frequency of acute diarrhea during a 1-year period. The plasmid-free E. coli strain isolated from the fecal microbiota of a healthy adult was nontoxigenic in vivo and in vitro and sensitive to all usual(More)
The use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in dairy products requires evaluation of the DNA transfer capacity from such organisms among the human intestinal microflora. Thus, both in vitro and in vivo [in the digestive tract (DT) of mice] transfer from Lactococcus lactis donor strains of the conjugative plasmid pIL205 (CmR) and the non-conjugative(More)
Lysogenization of nonlysogenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus was performed with two different bacteriophages, LS1 and LS2, that were unable to plaque on any of the strains of S. aureus tested. Infection of recipient strains was achieved when protoplasts were inoculated with LS1 or LS2 or when bacterial cultures were simultaneously inoculated with a(More)
METHODS The effects of 4 days of oral administration of different doses of two drugs, an enkephalinase inhibitor (the antisecretory agent, racecadotril) and a mu-receptor agonist (loperamide), on intestinal growth of a bacterial nonpathogenic strain (Escherichia coli E 404) and on the central nervous system (CNS) were compared in newborn gnotobiotic(More)
We have observed that antagonisms occur between isogenic strains of Escherichia coli associated with gnotobiotic mice. The strains differed in the carriage of plasmids or in chromosomal mutations. The plasmid-free strains, in general, inhibited the establishment of plasmid-bearing strains in the gastrointestinal tract of mice. The outcome of the(More)
Plasmid transfer occurs in the digestive tract and the transconjugants may become durably established. The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect of probiotics on plasmid transfer and on establishment of transconjugants in the gut. Plasmid transfers were carried out in the digestive tract of germ free mice associated with an E. coli K12 donor(More)
It was shown that a strain of Serratia liquefaciens harbors a conjugative R-plasmid responsible for reistance to the following 14 antibiotics: ampicillin, carbenicillin, cephalothin, butirosin, neomycin, paramomycin, kanamycin, lividomycin, gentamicin, tobramycin, streptomycin, tetracycline, sulfonamide, and chloramphenicol, which belong to five families,(More)