Yvona Mazurová

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The ongoing process of neurogenesis in the adult mammalian forebrain suggests the possible capacity for limited self-repair after brain injury. Previously, we have demonstrated that in an animal model of Huntington's disease the neurodegenerative process initiates immediate intensive cell proliferation and differentiation resulting in characteristic(More)
Iron chelation is the only pharmacological intervention against anthracycline cardiotoxicity whose effectiveness has been well documented both experimentally and clinically. In this study, we aimed to assess whether pyridoxal 2-chlorobenzoyl hydrazone (o-108, a strong iron chelator) can provide effective protection against daunorubicin (DAU)-induced chronic(More)
Anthracycline cardiotoxicity ranks among the most severe complications of cancer chemotherapy. Although its pathogenesis is only incompletely understood, "reactive oxygen species (ROS) and iron" hypothesis has gained the widest acceptance. Besides dexrazoxane, novel oral iron chelator deferiprone has been recently reported to afford significant(More)
Chronic anthracycline cardiotoxicity is a serious clinical issue with well characterized functional and histopathological hallmarks. However, molecular determinants of the toxic damage and associated myocardial remodeling remain to be established. Furthermore, details on the different propensity of the left and right ventricle (LV and RV, respectively) to(More)
BACKGROUND Dexrazoxane (DEX, ICRF-187) is the only clinically approved cardioprotectant against anthracycline cardiotoxicity. It has been traditionally postulated to undergo hydrolysis to iron-chelating agent ADR-925 and to prevent anthracycline-induced oxidative stress, progressive cardiomyocyte degeneration and subsequent non-programmed cell death.(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role during cardiac remodeling. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in collagenous proteins and MMPs in the model of non-ischemic, anthracycline-induced chronic cardiomyopathy in rabbits using both biochemical and histological approaches. The study was carried out in three groups of Chinchilla(More)
Rats transgenic for Huntington's disease (tgHD51 CAG rats), surviving up to two years, represent an animal model of HD similar to the late-onset form of human disease. This enables us to follow histopathological changes in course of neurodegenerative process (NDP) within the striatum and compare them with postmortem samples of human HD brains. A basic(More)
Although Huntington's disease (HD) occurs only in humans, the use of animal models is crucial for HD research. New genetic models may provide novel insights into HD pathogenesis, but their relevance to human HD is problematic, particularly owing to a lower number of typically degenerated and dying striatal neurons and consequent insignificant reactive(More)
1. Neural transplantation in Huntington's diseased patients is currently the only approach in the treatment of this neurodegenerative disorder. The clinical trial, unfortunately, includes only a small number of patients until now, since many important questions have not been answered yet. One of them is only mild to moderate improvement of the state in most(More)
The evidence for the existence of neurogenesis in the adult mammalian brain, including humans is now widely accepted. Despite the fact that adult neural stem cells appear to be very promising, a wide range of their unrevealed properties, abilities but also limitations under physiological and especially pathological conditions still need to be investigated(More)