Yvon Lebranchu

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare complement-mediated kidney disease that was first recognized in children but also affects adults. This study assessed the disease presentation and outcome in a nationwide cohort of patients with aHUS according to the age at onset and the underlying complement abnormalities. (More)
BACKGROUND Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome is a genetic, life-threatening, chronic disease of complement-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy. Plasma exchange or infusion may transiently maintain normal levels of hematologic measures but does not treat the underlying systemic disease. METHODS We conducted two prospective phase 2 trials in which patients(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) allows to minimize the use of cyclosporine (CsA), but de novo administration after transplantation is associated with various complications. We report a prospective, open-label, multicenter randomized study to evaluate conversion from a CsA-based regimen to a SRL-based regimen 3 months after transplantation. One hundred ninety-two of a total(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the roles of the organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) OATP1A2, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3 and their genetic variants in the pharmacokinetics of the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Using OATP-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, we measured the uptake of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and(More)
Acute graft rejection remains a major problem in renal transplant recipients, and there is no consensus on the optimal immunosuppressive strategy. Immunoprophylaxis with Thymoglobulin or basiliximab has significantly reduced the incidence of acute rejection episodes and graft loss following kidney transplantation. This open, randomized, multicenter study(More)
B-cell posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (B-PTLD) is a rare but severe complication of transplantation, with no consensus on best treatment practice. This prospective trial, the first to test a treatment for PTLD, was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in patients with B-PTLD after solid organ transplantation (SOT).(More)
INTRODUCTION A previous trial in renal transplantation comparing sirolimus (rapamycin) to cyclosporine (CsA) in a triple-drug therapy regimen with azathioprine and corticosteroids found that the incidence of acute rejection was similar (approximately 40%) with a trend for better renal function with sirolimus. METHODS In 14 European centers, first(More)
Autosomal dominant deficiency of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is the main genetic etiology of hyper-immunoglobulin (Ig) E syndrome. We documented the molecular, cellular, and clinical features of 60 patients with heterozygous STAT3 mutations from 47 kindreds followed in France. We identified 11 known and 13 new mutations of(More)
Erythropoietin promotes nephroprotection in animal models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Neorecormon and Prevention of Delayed Graft Function (Neo-PDGF) is a French open-label multicenter randomized study to evaluate the effect of high doses of epoetin beta (EPO-beta) during the first 2 weeks of renal transplantation on renal function in patients at risk(More)
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-free regimen, 145 renal recipients were prospectively randomized to receive either sirolimus (n = 71) or cyclosporine (CsA; n = 74). All patients received polyclonal antilymphocyte antibodies, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and steroids (6 months). The primary endpoint, estimated(More)