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Gauss' principle states that the maximum likelihood estimator of the parameter in a location family is the sample mean for all samples of all sample sizes if and only if the family is Gaussian. There exist many extensions of this result in diverse directions. In this paper we propose a unified treatment of this literature. In doing so we define the(More)
We propose a new general version of Stein's method for uni-variate distributions. In particular we propose a canonical definition of the Stein operator of a probability distribution which is based on a linear difference or differential-type operator. The resulting Stein identity highlights the unifying theme behind the literature on Stein's method (both for(More)
We introduce a new formalism for computing expectations of functionals of arbitrary random vectors, by using generalised integration by parts formulae. In doing so we extend recent representation formulae for the score function introduced in [19] and also provide a new proof of a central identity first discovered in [7]. We derive a representation for the(More)
Classical estimation techniques for linear models either are inconsistent, or perform rather poorly, under α-stable error densities; most of them are not even rate-optimal. In this paper, we propose an original one-step R-estimation method and investigate its asymptotic performances under stable densities. Contrary to traditional least squares, the proposed(More)
Linear models with stable error densities are considered. The local asymp-totic normality of the resulting model is established. We use this result, combined with Le Cam's third lemma, to obtain local powers of various classical rank tests (Wilcoxon's and van der Waerden's test, the median test, and their counterparts for regression and analysis of(More)
Pinsker's inequality states that the relative entropy between two random variables X and Y dominates the square of the total variation distance between X and Y. In this paper, we introduce generalized Fisher information distances and prove that these also dominate the square of the total variation distance. To this end, we introduce a general discrete Stein(More)