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BACKGROUND The efficacy and safety of vena caval filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism in patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis is still a matter of debate. METHODS Using a two-by-two factorial design, we randomly assigned 400 patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis who were at risk for pulmonary embolism to receive a vena caval filter(More)
The purpose of this work was to analyze, in human subjects, the shape of the aortic pressure wave from its forward and backward components calculated by use of Westerhof's model. Twenty-nine patients were studied: 11 normal subjects, 11 hypertensive patients and 7 patients with congestive heart failure. The following measurements and calculations were(More)
We evaluated the antithrombotic efficacy of the low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) fraction PK 10169 in nine consecutive patients with acute pulmonary embolism documented by pulmonary angioscan and angiography. Therapy with PK 10169 was initiated by an i.v. bolus of 0.5 mg/kg, followed by a continuous intravenous infusion during the first 10 days; the drug(More)
BACKGROUND Thromboembolism is a risk in major head and neck cancer surgery patients predisposed to thrombosis. This study was designed to determine whether enoxaparin (a low molecular weight heparin) administered prior to surgery induces perioperative bleeding. METHODS Forty patients scheduled for major cervicofacial cancer surgery were randomized in a(More)
Two out of nine patients in which inferior vena cava interruption was performed with a Günther filter developed a recurrent pulmonary embolism. In both cases, the filter had moved down and the anchoring legs had perforated the wall of the vena cava. The source of the pulmonary embolism was a clotted basket filter. Anticoagulation was given for two weeks in(More)
A case of severe cardiac failure during generalized Yersinia enterocolitica infection, in a previously healthy woman is described. It was possible to demonstrate the important role of coronary hypoperfusion in the late stages of septic shock. When β stimulant drugs became ineffective, IABP improved cardiac function.
Cetiedil), originally a molecule used for treatment of some vascular diseases, exhibits several pharmacological effects. The authors studied cetiedil's stabilizing effect on the membrane and the antagonism against calcium of Cetiedil and its analogues (amino 3-thienylacetic esters). After completion of numerous pharmacological tests giving evidence of(More)
Unfractionated heparin is effective in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism but may lead to significant side-effects (bleeding complications and thrombocytopenia). Low molecular weight heparin fragments have been shown to be as effective as unfractionated heparins during prophylaxis with a once-daily injection regimen. The aim of(More)
The homolactic and catalase-deficient pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae is not only tolerant to oxygen but requires the activity of its NADH oxidase, Nox, to develop optimal virulence and competence for genetic transformation. In this work, we show that the global regulator RegR is also involved in these traits. Genetic dissection revealed that RegR(More)