Yvette C. Luiking

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OBJECTIVE Sepsis is a major health problem considering its significant morbidity and mortality rate. The amino acid L-arginine has recently received substantial attention in relation to human sepsis. However, knowledge of arginine metabolism during sepsis is limited. Therefore, we reviewed the current knowledge about arginine metabolism in sepsis. DATA(More)
Cancer cachexia, which is characterized by muscle wasting, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Because muscle protein synthesis may be increased and protein breakdown reduced by leucine supplementation, we used the C26 tumor-bearing cachectic mouse model to assess the effects of dietary supplementation with leucine on muscle weight and the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The purpose of this review is to highlight recent publications examining nitric oxide production in health and disease and its association with clinical nutrition and alterations in metabolism. RECENT FINDINGS The role of the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin in nitric oxide production and its relation with arginine availability is indicated(More)
BACKGROUND This study critically appraises the measurement properties of tools to measure muscle mass, strength, and physical performance in community-dwelling older people. This can support the selection of a valid and reliable set of tools that is feasible for future screening and identification of sarcopenia. METHODS The databases PubMed, Cumulative(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased ability of muscles to respond to anabolic stimuli is part of the underlying mechanism for muscle loss with aging. Previous studies suggest that substantial amounts of essential amino acids (EAA), whey protein and leucine are beneficial for stimulation of acute muscle protein synthesis in older adults. However, these studies supplied(More)
Sepsis is a systemic response to an infection, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Metabolic changes during infection and sepsis could be related to changes in metabolism of the amino acid L-arginine. In sepsis, protein breakdown is increased, which is a key process to maintain arginine delivery because both endogenous de novo arginine production from(More)
BACKGROUND L-Arginine is an important precursor of nitric oxide (NO) and protein synthesis. Arginine is produced in the body (mainly kidney) by de novo production from citrulline and by protein breakdown. Arginine availability appears to be limited in sepsis. OBJECTIVE The objective was to compare arginine and citrulline metabolism in septic patients and(More)
SCOPE In recent years, there has been a growing body of evidence pointing to an effect of vitamin D on muscle mass and function. Our aim was to investigate the combined effect of 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) with anabolic factors insulin and leucine on protein fractional synthesis rate (FSR) and regulation in the mouse C2C12 myotube. METHODS AND(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Falls are frequent in LTC, with considerable health consequences. This study explores the relationship between malnutrition, activity, and falls in Dutch LTC residents and the influence of nutritional intervention on this relationship. DESIGN AND METHODS A secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional, multi-center point prevalence and(More)
Arginine metabolism involves various organs such as the kidney, the intestines, and the liver, which act together in an interorgan axis. Major pathways for arginine production are protein breakdown and de novo arginine production from citrulline; disposal of arginine is mainly used for protein synthesis or used by the enzymes arginase and nitric oxide(More)