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Intracellular current administration evokes rapid, graded, and bidirectional mechanical responses of isolated outer hair cells from the mammalian inner ear. The cells become shorter in response to depolarizing and longer in response to hyperpolarizing currents in the synaptic end of the cell. The cells respond with either an increase or decrease in length(More)
Single unit activity of 355 cells was recorded in the auditory thalamus of anesthetized cats before, during, and after the inactivation by cooling of the ipsilateral primary auditory cortex (AI). Most of the units (n = 288) showed similar functional characteristics of firing before and after the cryogenic blockade of AI. The spontaneous firing rate remained(More)
Single unit spike trains were recorded in the auditory cortex (n = 78) and in the auditory thalamus (n = 55) of nitrous oxide anesthetized cats. The electrophysiological activity was studied before and during the application of pentobarbital (P, 7 mg/kg), ketamine (K, 12 mg/kg) and a mixture of these anesthetics (KP). The units were characterized during the(More)
The origin and laminar arrangement of the homolateral and callosal projections to the anterior (AAF), primary (AI), posterior (PAF) and secondary (AII) auditory cortical areas were studied in the cat by means of electrophysiological recording and WGA-HRP tracing techniques. The transcallosal projections to AAF, AI, PAF and AII were principally homotypic(More)
In this paper we studied the morphology and spatial distribution of corticothalamic axons and terminals originating from the auditory cortical fields of the cat. The anterograde tracer biocytin was injected at electrophysiologically characterized loci in the primary (AI) (N = 2), anterior (AAF) (N = 1), posterior (PAF) (N = 1) and secondary (AII) (N = 2)(More)
Microelectrode recordings were simultaneously performed at multiple sites in the medial geniculate body (MGB) of anesthetized cats, rats and guinea pigs. We studied the effect of cortical deactivation on the association of neural activity within the thalamus during spontaneous activity. The corticofugal influence was suppressed by temporary cooling of the(More)
The response properties to clicks, noise and tone bursts of 2152 single units located in the ventral division of the medial geniculate body were analysed as a function of their anatomical position. A particular spatial distribution of these properties was observed in the pars lateralis (LV) and ovoidea (OV). The distribution of different response(More)
The discharge properties of 735 single units located in the pars magnocellularis (M) of the medial division of the medial geniculate body (MGB) were studied in 23 nitrous oxide anesthetized cats in response to simple acoustic stimuli (clicks, noise and tone bursts). A systematic decrease of single unit characteristic frequencies (CF) was observed along(More)
1. The response properties of auditory thalamic neurons to the two major localization cues characterizing the azimuth of sound sources in the horizontal plane were investigated in cats. Single-unit responses to auditory stimuli (white noise and tones) presented with interaural phase differences (IPD) or interaural intensity differences (IID) were studied.(More)
Intrinsic connections in the cat primary auditory field (AI) as revealed by injections of Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) or biocytin, had an anisotropic and patchy distribution. Neurons, labelled retrogradely with PHA-L were concentrated along a dorsoventral stripe through the injection site and rostral to it; the spread of rostrally located(More)