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T cell development and selection require the fully mature and diverse epithelial microenvironment of the thymus. Acquisition of these characteristics is dependent on expression of the forkhead (also known as winged-helix) transcription factor FoxN1, as a lack of functional FoxN1 results in aberrant epithelial morphogenesis and an inability to attract(More)
Since the first announcement of a Side Channel Analysis (SCA) about ten years ago, considerable research has been devoted to studying these attacks on Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), such as smart cards or TPMs. In this article, we compare power-line attacks with ElectroMagnetic (EM) attacks, specifically targeting Field Programmable Gate(More)
In this paper, we propose a preprocessing method to improve Side Channel Attacks (SCAs) on Dual-rail with Precharge Logic (DPL) countermeasure family. The strength of our method is that it uses intrinsic characteristics of the countermeasure: classical methods fail when the countermeasure is perfect, whereas our method still works and enables us to perform(More)
Cytoplasmic acidification has been previously characterized as a common intracellular response of tobacco cells to elicitors (Y. Mathieu et al. 1996, Planta 199: 416–424). The possibility that cytosolic protons may activate plant defense reactions through the increased mRNA transcript levels of specific genes was investigated in suspension-cultured tobacco(More)
Probing attacks are serious threats on integrated circuits. Security products often include a protective layer called shield that acts like a digital fence. In this article, we demonstrate a new shield structure that is cryptographically secure. This shield is based on the newly proposed SIMON lightweight block cipher and independent mesh lines to ensure(More)
The Tree-based FPGA offers better density and timing determinism than traditional mesh-based FPGA. Moreover, thanks to its multilevel structure, it offers greater easiness to balance dual signals in terms of routing resources number. In this paper, we study the use of the Wave Dynamic Differential Logic (WDDL) on a custom tree-based FPGA of 2048 cells. The(More)
Telomerase is required for the complete replication of chromosomal ends. In tumors, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase subunit (hTERT) is up-regulated, thereby removing a critical barrier for unlimited cell proliferation. To understand more about hTERT regulation, we measured hTERT RNA levels by quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR.(More)
Homozygosity for a dominant allele is relatively rare and preferentially observed in communities with high inbreeding. According to the definition of true dominance, similar phenotypes should be observed in patients heterozygous and homozygous for a dominant mutation. However, the homozygous phenotype usually tends to be more severe than the heterozygous(More)
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome is a severe congenital encephalopathy recently ascribed to de novo heterozygous TCF4 gene mutations. We report a series of 13 novel PHS cases with a TCF4 mutation and show that EEG, brain magnetic resonance imagain (MRI), and immunological investigations provide valuable additional clues to the diagnosis. We confirm a mutational hot(More)
A wide range of autonomic dysfunctions, i.e. Central Hypoventilation Syndromes, Hirschsprung disease and Tumours of the Sympathetic Nervous System have been ascribed to heterozygous PHOX2B mutations in man. The PHOX2B mutations reported include polyalanine expansions in a 20 alanines tract, missense, frameshift mutations and nonsense mutation. Some(More)