Yves Heremans

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Type 1 diabetes mellitus results from an autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta-cells. Cytokines, such as interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma, are putative mediators of immune-induced beta-cell death and, under in vitro conditions, cause beta-cell apoptosis. We have recently shown that interleukin-1 beta + interferon-gamma modifies the expression of(More)
Regulatory proteins have been identified in embryonic development of the endocrine pancreas. It is unknown whether these factors can also play a role in the formation of pancreatic endocrine cells from postnatal nonendocrine cells. The present study demonstrates that adult human pancreatic duct cells can be converted into insulin-expressing cells after(More)
Acute kidney injury is followed by regeneration of damaged renal tubular epithelial cells. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that renal stem cells exist in the adult kidney and participate in the repair process. A unique population of cells that behave in a manner that is consistent with a renal stem cell were isolated from rat kidneys(More)
Aims/hypothesis. In adult pancreatic regeneration models exocrine acini are found to transdifferentiate to duct-like complexes. This has also been associated with the formation of new endocrine islet cells. We aimed to establish an in vitro model in which this transdifferentiation process is characterised and can be modulated.¶Methods. Purified rat(More)
The homeodomain transcription factor encoded by the pancreatic and duodenal homeobox gene-1 (Ipf-1) is essential for pancreatic ontogenesis. Whether Ipf-1 is also involved in the neogenesis of beta-cells in the adult pancreas is unknown. We examined whether Ipf-1 is expressed in adult human pancreatic ducts, which are thought to generate new beta-cells. In(More)
Cytokine-induced beta-cell death is an important event in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes. The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is activated by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and its activity promotes the expression of several beta-cell genes, including pro- and anti-apoptotic genes. To elucidate the role of cytokine (IL-1beta +(More)
For decades, in vitro expansion of transplantable hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) has been an elusive goal. Here, we demonstrate that multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs), isolated from green fluorescent protein (GFP)-transgenic mice and expanded in vitro for >40-80 population doublings, are capable of multilineage hematopoietic engraftment of(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Duct cells isolated from adult human pancreas can be reprogrammed to express islet beta cell genes by adenoviral transduction of the developmental transcription factor neurogenin3 (Ngn3). In this study we aimed to fully characterize the extent of this reprogramming and intended to improve it. METHODS The extent of the Ngn3-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND The functional response and immunobiology of primarily non-vascularized islet cell xenografts remain poorly defined in non-human primates. METHODS We transplanted 20,000 adult porcine islet equivalents/kg (purified and cultured for 48-h) intraportally into six streptozotocin-diabetic and two non-diabetic rhesus macaques. Two recipients were(More)
Rodent acinar cells exhibit a remarkable plasticity as they can transdifferentiate to duct-, hepatocyte- and islet β-like cells. We evaluated whether exocrine cells from adult human pancreas can similarly respond to proendocrine stimuli. Exocrine cells from adult human pancreas were transduced directly with lentiviruses expressing activated MAPK(More)