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The impacts of cadmium, pentachlorophenol, phenanthrene and of two arti®cially polluted soils, on reproduction by the collembolan Folsomia candida were studied using a test that is in the process of becoming a European standard. The ®rst arti®cially polluted soil was contaminated with metals (cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc), the second with organic(More)
The Folsomia candida reproduction test [ISO, 1998. Soil quality--Inhibition of reproduction of Collembola (Folsomia candida) by soil pollutants. International Standard Organization Report 11267, 1998, Geneva] is used to evaluate the ecotoxicological risks of contaminants in soils. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of growth and(More)
The toxicity of cadmium for the Collembola Folsomia candida was studied by determining the effects of increasing Cd concentrations on growth, survival and reproduction in three cultivated and forested soils with different pH (4.5-8.2) and organic matter content (1.6-16.5%). The Cd concentration in soil CaCl(2) exchangeable fraction, in soil solution and in(More)
We tried to quantify the ecotoxicity of three industrial soil samples contaminated by different metals, using the Collembolan Folsomia candida as a biological model and mortality, growth and reproduction as parameters. The observed ecotoxicities are rather normal for the first such soil sample (aluminum factory) but are high for the second sample (ore(More)
The toxicity of Pb and Cd+Pb was assessed on the Collembola F. candida in two cultivated soils (SV and AU) with low organic matter (OM) content and circumneutral to basic pH, and an acid forested soil (EPC) with high OM content. Collembola reproduction and growth as well as metal content in Collembola body, in soil, exchangeable fraction and soil solutions,(More)
Ecotoxicological tests are increasingly being used to evaluate the toxicity of a substance or mixture of substances towards soil fauna. One of these uses the parthenogenetic collembolan Folsomia candida to test for soil contamination, and this has been standardised in Europe. However, in such studies, it is important to know whether different laboratories(More)
To assess the problems posed by ecological testing of the toxicity of polluted soils, we applied the Collembola reproduction test to the soil from a mining site polluted by metals. Our aim was to quantify the chronic toxicity of contaminated soil using the Folsomia candida reproduction test. Briefly, the polluted soil, which contains in particular large(More)
The various antennal setae can be differentiated from each other by the number and the type of their dendrites and by the cuticular structure of their external parts; these features correspond to functional differences. Moreover, the work revealed differences in relation to the corresponding setae of a marine Mysidacea previously studied by Guse (1978).(More)
Three different sensory organs (one mechanoreceptor, one chemoreceptor and one chemo-mechanoreceptor) of the antennae of the cavernicolous Coleoptera Speonomus hydrophilus and S. zophosinus have been compared by means of electron microscopy after chemical fixation or cryofixation without cryoprotectant; when cryofixation succeeds, cells and organelles have(More)
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