Yves Charbit

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In a prospective study, 47 adults presenting a rapidly progressive periodontitis were selected in order to evaluate the prevalence of beta-lactamase-producing strains among oral anaerobic gram-negative rods. Predominant anaerobes were identified from two of the deepest periodontal pockets. beta-Lactamase-positive strains fulfilled to at least two of three(More)
An amplifying role for oral epithelial cells (ECs) in Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection has been postulated to explain oral viral shedding. However, while lytic or latent EBV infections of oro/nasopharyngeal ECs are commonly detected under pathological conditions, detection of EBV-infected ECs in healthy conditions is very rare. In this study, a simple(More)
The aim of this in-vitro study was to compare the physical properties of three suture materials used in periodontal surgery: silk, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE), and polylactic acid/polyglycolic and (PLA/PGA). Five physical tests were carried out on each of the three suture materials: strain to failure, tensile strength, knot tensile strength,(More)
This prospective study was designed to investigate amoxicillin-resistant oral anaerobes, and to identify their beta-lactamase-encoding genes. Three subgingival bacterial samples were collected from 12 patients suffering from periodontitis. One to seven beta-lactamase-producing strains were obtained from each patient, mostly belonging to the Prevotella genus(More)
The gingival granular cell tumor (GGCT) of the newborn is a rare, benign tumor, most often observed in the canine area of the maxilla of female infants. The main histologic features are not controversial and involve the occurrence of sheets of granular cells and a prominent vascular component. Conversely, ultrastructural studies agree on limited features(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance has been increasingly described among bacterial species colonizing periodontal pockets, particularly in Prevotella and Porphyromonas spp. strains producing beta-lactamases, and frequently associated with resistance to tetracycline and erythromycin. These resistance genes may be carried on motile genetic elements, or(More)
Langerhans cells (LCs) are dendritic cells usually present in the suprabasal regions of squamous epithelia remarkable by the presence of Fc IgG and C3 receptors, Ia/Dr, T-6 and T-4 antigens on their membranes. Conventional and immunohistochemical techniques for identification of LCs require special fixation procedures and are incompatible with paraffin(More)
Langerhans cells are dendritic non epithelial cells found in the gingiva. The latest research in immunohistochemistry suggests that they may play an important role in the cellular immune response. The purpose of this quantitative study was to evaluate the number of Langerhans cells in association with gingival inflammation and the use of monoclonal(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of a single application of a 5% metronidazole collagen device in periodontal pockets deeper than 5 mm, in association with debridement and without reinforcement of home care and hygiene as practiced by the patient at any time. Pocket depth, attachment level, bleeding on probing, gingival index(More)