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— Molecular analysis has revealed the presence of a specific deletion-derivative hobo element, the Th element, in all current strains of Drosophila melanogaster examined throughout the Eurasian continent. The Th element is characterized by an internal deletion of 1.5 kb as compared to the complete hobo element. The presence of this element in natural(More)
Ascoviruses (family Ascoviridae) are large, enveloped, double-stranded (ds)DNA viruses that attack lepidopteran larvae and pupae, and are unusual in that they are transmitted by parasitic wasps during oviposition. Previous comparisons of DNA polymerase sequences from vertebrate and invertebrate viruses suggested that ascoviruses are closely related to(More)
Mariner-like elements (MLE) are Class II transposable elements that are very widespread among eukaryotic genomes. One MLE belonging to the mauritiana subfamily, named Botmar1, has been identified in the genome of the bumble bee, Bombus terrestris. gDNA hybridization with the Botmar1 transposase ORF revealed that about 230 elements are present in each(More)
The transposase of the mariner-like elements (MLEs) specifically binds as a dimer to the inverted terminal repeat of the transposon that encodes it. Two binding-motifs located within the inverted terminal sequences (ITR) are therefore recognized, as previously indicated, by biochemical data obtained with the Mos1 and Himar1 transposases. Here, we define the(More)
In the two parasitoid wasps, Diadromus collaris and Eupelmus orientalis, the satellite DNAs were each found to consist wholly or largely of a single family (5%-7% of the genome). Several clones of each family were obtained and sequenced. The repeat unit in each species is characterized by both the repetition of a basic motif and the presence of an inserted(More)
The mobility of transposable elements via a cut-and-paste mechanism depends on the elaboration of a nucleoprotein complex known as the synaptic complex. We show here that the Mos1 synaptic complex consists of the two inverted terminal repeats of the element brought together by a transposase tetramer and is designated paired-end complex 2 (PEC2). The(More)
The nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs) comprise a monophyletic group of viruses that infect animals and diverse unicellular eukaryotes. The NCLDV group includes the families Poxviridae, Asfarviridae, Iridoviridae, Ascoviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Mimiviridae and the proposed family “Marseilleviridae”. The family Mimiviridae includes the largest known(More)
Ascoviruses are disseminated among larvae in lepidopteran populations by parasitic wasps during oviposition. Ascovirus relationships with these wasps vary from pathogenic to mutualistic, and experimentally can be shown possibly to be commensal non-pathogenic virus having little or no effect. Most ascoviruses are pathogens that female wasps vector(More)
Mariner-like elements (MLEs) are classII transposons with highly conserved sequence properties and are widespread in the genome of animal species living in continental environments. We describe here the first full-length MLE found in the genome of a marine crustacean species, the deep-sea hydrothermal crab Bythograea thermydron (Crustacea), named Bytmar1. A(More)
Large quantities of satellite DNA families (15%-25% of the genome) were found in the DNA of two species of parasitic wasps, Diadromus pulchellus and Eupelmus vuilleti. In both species the satellite DNA was found to consist wholly or largely of a single family unique to that species. Several clones of each family were obtained and sequenced. Palindromes in(More)