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Wild and laboratory populations of the parasitoid wasp Diadromus pulchellus are infected with a new member of the reoviridae (DpRV) described in this paper. The particles of this virus possess two capsid shells (diameters: 35 and 70 nm) made up of 11 proteins. The virus is present mainly in the gut of the wasp, with smaller quantities in its venom gland.(More)
— Molecular analysis has revealed the presence of a specific deletion-derivative hobo element, the Th element, in all current strains of Drosophila melanogaster examined throughout the Eurasian continent. The Th element is characterized by an internal deletion of 1.5 kb as compared to the complete hobo element. The presence of this element in natural(More)
Transposons have contributed protein coding sequences to a unexpectedly large number of human genes. Except for the V(D)J recombinase and telomerase, all remain of unknown function. Here we investigate the activity of the human SETMAR protein, a highly expressed fusion between a histone H3 methylase and a mariner family transposase. Although SETMAR has(More)
Ascoviruses (family Ascoviridae) are large, enveloped, double-stranded (ds)DNA viruses that attack lepidopteran larvae and pupae, and are unusual in that they are transmitted by parasitic wasps during oviposition. Previous comparisons of DNA polymerase sequences from vertebrate and invertebrate viruses suggested that ascoviruses are closely related to(More)
Previous studies have shown that the satellite DNAs in Hymenoptera account for 1-25% of the genome. They mainly correspond to a single family, or to several subfamilies having the same evolutionary origin. We have now showed that the satellite DNAs in the genomes of the hymenopterans Diadromus pulchellus, Diadromus collaris, Eupelmus vuilletti and Eupelmus(More)
The Diadromus pulchellus ascovirus (DpAV) has been isolated from laboratory strains of Diadromus pulchellus and in natural wild populations collected from the Antibes locality (southern France). The DpAV genome was found in the cells of the head, thorax and abdomen of this hymenopteran wasp. DpAV virions are present in the female genitalia and are(More)
Four satellite DNA subfamilies Ps, Pv, Pv65 and Ec, resulting from the evolution of a common ancestral motif, were isolated and characterized in the genomic DNA of Diprion pini, a phytophagous of Pinus sylvestris. Consensus sequences were 148-312 bp long. Sequence analyses revealed that these satellite subfamilies have evolved from a 45-bp ancestral motif.(More)
BACKGROUND The ascovirus, DpAV4a (family Ascoviridae), is a symbiotic virus that markedly increases the fitness of its vector, the parasitic ichneumonid wasp, Diadromus puchellus, by increasing survival of wasp eggs and larvae in their lepidopteran host, Acrolepiopsis assectella. Previous phylogenetic studies have indicated that DpAV4a is related to the(More)
The mobility of transposable elements via a cut-and-paste mechanism depends on the elaboration of a nucleoprotein complex known as the synaptic complex. We show here that the Mos1 synaptic complex consists of the two inverted terminal repeats of the element brought together by a transposase tetramer and is designated paired-end complex 2 (PEC2). The(More)
The transposase of the mariner-like elements (MLEs) specifically binds as a dimer to the inverted terminal repeat of the transposon that encodes it. Two binding-motifs located within the inverted terminal sequences (ITR) are therefore recognized, as previously indicated, by biochemical data obtained with the Mos1 and Himar1 transposases. Here, we define the(More)