Yves A. Fouquet

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A novel hydrothermal site was discovered in March 2007, on the mid-Atlantic ridge during the cruise ‘Serpentine’. At a depth of 4100 m, the site ‘Ashadze’ is the deepest vent field known so far. Smoker samples were collected with the ROV ‘Victor 6000’ and processed in the laboratory for the enrichment of anaerobic heterotrophic microorganisms under(More)
The distribution of the archaeal communities in deep subseafloor sediments [0-36 m below the seafloor (mbsf)] from the New Caledonia and Fairway Basins was investigated using DNA- and RNA-derived 16S rRNA clone libraries, functional genes and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). A new method, Co-Migration DGGE (CM-DGGE), was developed to access(More)
Two sediment cores were collected in an inactive area of the deep-sea hydrothermal vent field Rainbow (36 degrees N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Metals and carbonates were abundant throughout the cores; calcite (CaCO3) was found throughout the cores while dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2] and siderite (FeCO3) were only found in deeper layers. Using polymerase chain(More)
Rapid growth of microbial sulphur mats have repeatedly been observed during oceanographic cruises to various deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites. The microorganisms involved in the mat formation have not been phylogenetically characterized, although the production of morphologically similar sulphur filaments by a Arcobacter strain coastal marine has been(More)
The distribution of Archaea and methanogenic, methanotrophic and sulfate-reducing communities in three Atlantic ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems (Rainbow, Ashadze, Lost City) was compared using 16S rRNA gene and functional gene (mcrA, pmoA and dsrA) clone libraries. The overall archaeal community was diverse and heterogeneously distributed between the(More)
In this work, mercury (Hg), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations and tissue distribution are determined in seven benthic invertebrates species (the key species) from the Mid Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields. The samples were collected from three hydrothermal vent fields--Menez Gwen, 840 m; Lucky Strike, 1700 m and Rainbow, 2300 m--near the(More)
sulphurmat fromthe131N hydrothermalvent¢eld, EastPaci¢cRise Hélène Moussard, Erwan Corre, Marie-Anne Cambon-Bonavita, Yves Fouquet & Christian Jeanthon Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Environnements Extrêmes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, IFREMER, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Plouzané,(More)
The distribution of Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd between the dissolved (<2 microm) and the particulate (>2 microm) fractions was measured after in-situ filtration in two hydrothermal habitats. The total metal concentration ranges exhibit a clear enrichment compared with the seawater concentration, accounting for the hydrothermal input for all the metals considered.(More)
Among the deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites discovered in the past 30 years, Lost City on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is remarkable both for its alkaline fluids derived from mantle rock serpentinization and the spectacular seafloor carbonate chimneys precipitated from these fluids. Despite high concentrations of reduced chemicals in the fluids, this unique(More)