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Pharmacokinetic studies and postmortem toxicological investigations require a validated analytical technique to quantify drugs on a large number of matrices. Three-step liquid/liquid extraction with online derivatization (silylation) ahead of analysis by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated on rabbit specimens in order to(More)
A 39-year-old man committed suicide by ingestion of aluminum phosphide, a potent mole pesticide, which was available at the victim's workplace. The judicial authority ordered an autopsy, which ruled out any other cause of death. The victim was discovered 10 days after the ingestion of the pesticide. When aluminum phosphide comes into contact with humidity,(More)
We have developed a new solid-phase extraction (SPE) on C18 cartridges which allows a very simple protocol of manipulation and a single elution of opiates and cocainics from human hair samples. The method involved decontamination in a phosphate buffer and dichloromethane, pulverization in a ball mill, addition of deuterated internal standards, heated acid(More)
Although blood is the reference medium in the field of forensic toxicology, alternative matrices are required in case of limited, unavailable or unusable blood samples. The present review investigated the suitability of bone marrow (BM) as an alternative matrix to characterize xenobiotic consumption and its influence on the occurrence of death. Basic data(More)
The authors have reviewed the main toxic plants responsible for human deaths throughout the world. Forty plants (genera or species) were listed in order to establish an inventory of the active molecules that could be identified, the already published analytical methods and the reported human fatal cases. In a second step, the authors have developed a(More)
Bone marrow (BM) analysis is of forensic interest in postmortem toxicological investigation in case of limited, unavailable or unusable blood samples. However, it remains difficult to determine whether a drug BM concentration is therapeutic or represents overdose, due to the lack of studies on this alternative matrix. Given the variations in BM composition(More)
We have described a simple, precise and sensitive assay of tetrachloroethylene in whole blood and tissues, suitable both for emergency cases and forensic medicine. The method employs gas chromatography and electron capture detection. The case report concerns a fatal exposure of a child to tetrachloroethylene. Concentrations of the chemical in different(More)
This paper is the first thorough analysis of takini, a hallucinogen used by the shamans of several peoples in Suriname, French Guiana, and the region east of the Para in Brazil. The drug is contained in the latex of the Brosimum acutifolium tree, and until now, its psychotropic properties appeared inconsistent with the more general medicinal uses of the(More)
This study describes a real-life situation involving nine calves, 106 days old, which received oral doses of clenbuterol administered through their milk. Powdered skim milk containing 6.7 mg of clenbuterol was given daily for fifteen days under supervision (i.e. 100 mg per calf for the whole study) to seven calves, and two calves did not receive the drug.(More)
Atractyloside (ATR) and carboxyatractyloside (CATR) are diterpene glycosides that are responsible for the toxicity of several Asteraceae plants around the world. Mediterranean gum thistle (Atractylis gummifera L.) and Zulu impila (Callilepis laureola DC.), in particular, are notoriously poisonous and the cause of many accidental deaths, some suicides and(More)