Yvan Martineau

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BACKGROUND Translation deregulation is an important mechanism that causes aberrant cell growth, proliferation and survival. eIF4E, the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein, plays a major role in translational control. To understand how eIF4E affects cell proliferation and survival, we studied mRNA targets that are translationally responsive to eIF4E. (More)
eIF4E, the mRNA 5' cap-binding translation initiation factor, is overexpressed in numerous cancers and is implicated in mechanisms underlying oncogenesis and senescence. 4E-BPs (eIF4E-binding proteins) inhibit eIF4E activity, and thereby act as suppressors of eIF4E-dependent pathways. Here, we show that tumorigenesis is increased in p53 knockout mice that(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) is a powerful angiogenic factor whose gene structure contains four promoters, giving rise to a process of alternative splicing resulting in four mRNAs with alternative 5' untranslated regions (5' UTRs). Here we have identified, by using double luciferase bicistronic vectors, the presence of internal ribosome entry sites(More)
Transcriptional activation of cytokines, such as type-I interferons (interferon (IFN)-alpha and IFN-beta), constitutes the first line of antiviral defence. Here we show that translational control is critical for induction of type-I IFN production. In mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking the translational repressors 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2, the threshold for(More)
The mRNA cap-binding protein eIF4E (eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E) permits ribosome recruitment to capped mRNAs, and its phosphorylated form has an important role in cell transformation. The oncogenic function of eIF4E is, however, antagonised by the hypophosphorylated forms of the inhibitory eIF4E-binding proteins 1 and 2. eIF4E-binding(More)
Translational control of gene expression plays a key role in many biological processes. Consequently, the activity of the translation apparatus is under tight homeostatic control. eIF4E, the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein, facilitates cap-dependent translation and is a major target for translational control. eIF4E activity is controlled by a family of(More)
Translation initiation requires the participation of eukaryotic translation initiation factors (eIFs). The poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) is thought to stimulate translation by promoting mRNA circularization through simultaneous interactions with eIF4G and the 3' poly(A) tail. PABP activity is regulated by the PABP-interacting proteins (Paips), a family of(More)
The eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) are inhibitors of protein synthesis that sequester the mRNA cap-binding protein eIF4E and consequently block cell growth and proliferation. In most tumors however, their inhibitory function is compromised by major oncogenic signaling pathways. Recently, thanks to the generation of mouse genetic models, considerable(More)
The eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) repress translation initiation by preventing eIF4F complex formation. Of the three mammalian 4E-BPs, only 4E-BP2 is enriched in the mammalian brain and plays an important role in synaptic plasticity and learning and memory formation. Here we describe asparagine deamidation as a brain-specific posttranslational(More)
Previous reports demonstrate that metformin, an anti-diabetic drug, can decrease the risk of cancer and inhibit cancer cell growth. However, its mechanism in cancer cells is still unknown. Metformin significantly blocks cell cycle and inhibits cell proliferation and colony formation of leukemic cells. However, the apoptotic response to metformin varies.(More)