Yuzuru Watanabe

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The functions of different regulatory T cell (Treg) types in cancer progression are unclear. Recently, expression of the transcription factor Helios was proposed as a marker for natural (non-induced) Tregs. The present study investigated the clinical significance of Helios expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We enrolled 64(More)
BACKGROUND Nivolumab, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, is recently clinically applied to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment, and this causes T cell activation and T cell infiltration to tumor tissue through the blockade of the interaction between programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1).(More)
The effects of down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression, by small interfering RNA (siRNA) against the canine Bcl-2 genes, on apoptosis were investigated by transfecting MCM-N1 (canine malignant oral melanoma cell line) cells with siRNA using cationic liposomes. The siRNA against the canine Bcl-2 genes increased the number of apoptotic cells. In addition,(More)
Despite of recent development in the field of molecular targeted therapies, lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in the world. Remarkable progress has been made recently in immunotherapy for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with several modalities, concepts, and treatment settings being investigated. In vaccine development,(More)
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of MicroRNA-210 (miR-210) expression in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods. We examined the miR-210 expression of samples of 80 patients, who underwent surgical resection at Fukushima Medical University from 2004 to 2007, by using quantitative RT-PCR. The(More)
Thymic carcinoid is a rare disease that accounts for 3.1% of thymic tumors and 1.8-6% of all carcinoid tumors in Japan. Advanced thymic carcinoid has a 5-year survival rate of 28-31%.Compared with carcinoid tumors that arise in other organs, thyroid carcinoid tumors carry a relatively worse prognosis, and the most effective therapeutic strategy is thought(More)
Intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura; the so-called inverted pattern, which appears to grow into the lung parenchyma, is extremely rare. We experienced a 66-year-old woman with an intrapulmonary SFT that recurred locally with malignant transformation 2 years after wedge resection of the left upper lobe for the primary tumor.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Reportedly, hypertension tends to be associated with response to bevacizumab therapy, because bevacizumab suppresses vascular nitric oxide production. In this study we examined the predictive value of nitric oxide in bevacizumab-treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen patients with advanced or(More)
Mutation burden in a tumor, presumably involving neo-antigens in the tumor tissue, is also thought to be one of the better predictors for the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors. However, it is difficult to analyze the mutation burden routinely in the clinic. Here, we describe more convenient factors that can be used as surrogate markers of mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Microscopic thymomas, defined as epithelial proliferations smaller than 1 mm in diameter, characteristically occur in patients with myasthenia gravis without macroscopic thymic epithelial tumors. However, some clinical and pathological aspects of this entity are still unclear. METHODS This retrospective study includes five consecutive patients(More)