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Heterogametic sex chromosomes have evolved independently in various lineages of vertebrates. Such sex chromosome pairs often contain nonrecombining regions, with one of the chromosomes harboring a master sex-determining (SD) gene. It is hypothesized that these sex chromosomes evolved from a pair of autosomes that diverged after acquiring the SD gene. By(More)
Little is known about the transcriptional networks that regulate myotube production in vertebrates. In the present study, we have used a genomic approach to discover novel genes associated with myotube formation in fast muscle of the tiger puffer fish, Takifugu rubripes. The number of fast muscle fibers per myotome increased until 1.2 kg body mass, and(More)
The compact genome of fugu (Takifugu rubripes) has been used widely as a reference genome for understanding the evolution of vertebrate genomes. However, the fragmented nature of the fugu genome assembly has restricted its use for comparisons of genome architecture in vertebrates. To extend the contiguity of the assembly to the chromosomal level, we have(More)
In fish breeding, it is essential to discover and generate fish exhibiting an effective phenotype for the aquaculture industry, but screening for natural mutants by only depending on natural spontaneous mutations is limited. Presently, reverse genetics has become an important tool to generate mutants, which exhibit the phenotype caused by inactivation of a(More)
In mammals, professional APCs induce adaptive immunity via the activation of T cells. During this process, B7 family molecules present upon APCs are known to play crucial roles in optimal T cell stimulation. In contrast, the confirmation of APCs in a nonmammalian vertebrate has yet to be achieved. To obtain further insights into the evolutionary origin of(More)
A skin mucus lectin exhibiting a homodimeric structure and an S-S bond between subunits of ~40 kDa was purified from flathead Platycephalus indicus (Scorpaeniformes). This lectin, named FHL (FlatHead Lectin), exhibited mannose-specific activity in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Although FHL showed no homology to any previously reported lectins, it did exhibit(More)
Correlated suits of behaviors (behavioral syndrome) are commonly observed in both inter- and intraspecific studies. In order to understand the genetic basis of such a correlation between species, we compared ten behaviors classified into five categories (acclimation, feeding, normal swimming, reaction to a novel object and activity in a novel environment)(More)
A massive release of artificial radionuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant caused radioactive contamination of farms as well as of aquatic products. Carp in small ponds in the highly radiocontaminated area of Iitate Village, Fukushima Prefecture, have been confined to the ponds since the accident, and it is thought that the carp may have(More)
The tiger pufferfish (fugu) is one of the most important food fishes in East Asia. Since its testes are regarded as a delicacy, sex determination is economically relevant. Previous studies have identified a missense single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the Amhr2 (anti-Müllerian hormone receptor type II) gene as a strong candidate for a master(More)
Artificial cultivation of the Japanese eel has not been feasible due to difficulties in seed production and larval rearing, leading to poor seed and larval survival. We have focused on the importance of the thymus and T-cell function in eel larval stages because only the thymus, of all the immune system organs, develops well in eel leptocephalus. In this(More)
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