Yuzuru Suzuki

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Heterogametic sex chromosomes have evolved independently in various lineages of vertebrates. Such sex chromosome pairs often contain nonrecombining regions, with one of the chromosomes harboring a master sex-determining (SD) gene. It is hypothesized that these sex chromosomes evolved from a pair of autosomes that diverged after acquiring the SD gene. By(More)
Two types of lactose-binding lectins, AJL-1 and AJL-2, were purified from the skin mucus extract of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica by lactose affinity chromatography and subsequent gel filtration. The molecular masses of AJL-1 and AJL-2 were 16,091 and 31,743 Da, respectively. Intact AJL-1 was comprised of two identical 16-kDa subunits having blocked N(More)
In mammals, professional APCs induce adaptive immunity via the activation of T cells. During this process, B7 family molecules present upon APCs are known to play crucial roles in optimal T cell stimulation. In contrast, the confirmation of APCs in a nonmammalian vertebrate has yet to be achieved. To obtain further insights into the evolutionary origin of(More)
We have isolated and characterized cDNAs and genes for pufferfish, Fugu rubripes, (Fugu) orthologues of mammalian interleukin (IL)-12 subunits (IL-12 p35 and IL-12 p40). The deduced amino acid sequences of the Fugu IL-12 subunits showed homology with mammalian IL-12 subunits (p35: 50.4–58.0% similarity; p40: 51.2–55.4% similarity). Phylogenetic analysis(More)
We have isolated and characterized the cDNA that encodes IgD of fugu (Takifugu rubripes). Though the splicing of μ1 with the δ1 domain was similar to those reported for teleost IgDs, highly unusual and unprecedented domain duplications were found in the constant region of the fugu IgD. The structure of the fugu IgD is like(More)
Here, we report two distinct genes in teleosts that are homologous to interleukin (IL)-15. The two genes, isolated from fugu (Takifugu rubripes), resemble to mammalian IL-15 but differ from IL-2 and IL-21 in their amino acid sequences, the possessing of an extraordinary long signal peptide and more widespread tissue localization. In addition, multiple(More)
The compact genome of the tiger pufferfish, Takifugu rubripes (fugu), has been sequenced to the "draft" level and annotated to identify all the genes. However, the assembly of the draft genome sequence is highly fragmented due to the lack of a genetic or a physical map. To determine the long-range linkage relationship of the sequences, we have constructed(More)
The compact genome of fugu (Takifugu rubripes) has been used widely as a reference genome for understanding the evolution of vertebrate genomes. However, the fragmented nature of the fugu genome assembly has restricted its use for comparisons of genome architecture in vertebrates. To extend the contiguity of the assembly to the chromosomal level, we have(More)
Myogenin (Myog) is a muscle-specific basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays an essential role in the specification and differentiation of myoblasts. The myogenin genes from the tiger pufferfish, Takifugu rubripes, and green-spotted pufferfish, Tetraodon nigroviridis, were cloned and a comparative genomic analysis performed. The gene encoding(More)
We have characterized pufflectin, a novel mannose-specific lectin, from the skin mucus of the pufferfish, Fugu rubripes. Molecular mass estimations by gel filtration and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and the SDS-PAGE pattern suggest that pufflectin is a homodimer composed of non-covalently associated subunits(More)