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We have isolated and characterized the cDNA that encodes IgD of fugu (Takifugu rubripes). Though the splicing of micro1 with the delta1 domain was similar to those reported for teleost IgDs, highly unusual and unprecedented domain duplications were found in the constant region of the fugu IgD. The structure of the fugu IgD is like(More)
The compact genome of the tiger pufferfish, Takifugu rubripes (fugu), has been sequenced to the "draft" level and annotated to identify all the genes. However, the assembly of the draft genome sequence is highly fragmented due to the lack of a genetic or a physical map. To determine the long-range linkage relationship of the sequences, we have constructed(More)
Heterogametic sex chromosomes have evolved independently in various lineages of vertebrates. Such sex chromosome pairs often contain nonrecombining regions, with one of the chromosomes harboring a master sex-determining (SD) gene. It is hypothesized that these sex chromosomes evolved from a pair of autosomes that diverged after acquiring the SD gene. By(More)
A p-nitrophenyl-α-d-glucopyranoside-hydrolysing oligo-1,6-glucosidase (dextrin 6-α-d-glucanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.10) of Bacillus sp. KP 1071 capable of growing at 30°–66°C was purified to homogeneity. The molecular weight was estimated to be 62,000. The amino-terminal amino acid was methionine. The enzyme shared its antigenic groups in part with its(More)
A pullulan hydrolase of Bacillus stearothermophilus KP 1064 was purified homogeneously. The molecular weight, Stokes radius, sedimentation coefficient (s20, w), extinction coefficient at 280 nm and pH 6.8, and isoelectric point were estimated as 115,000, 4.16 nm, 5.5 S, 1.92 cm2·mg-1 and 4.4, respectively. The enzyme consisted of two identical subunits each(More)
Two lactose-binding lectins (PFL-1 and -2) were identified in the skin mucus of ponyfish, Leiognathus nuchalis. The molecular masses of PFL-1 and -2 were estimated to be 24 and 30kDa, respectively. Cloning of the PFL-1 cDNA demonstrated its unique tandem repeat structure composed of two homologous domains with 41.7% internal identity. Furthermore, PFL-1(More)
Two types of lactose-binding lectins, AJL-1 and AJL-2, were purified from the skin mucus extract of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica by lactose affinity chromatography and subsequent gel filtration. The molecular masses of AJL-1 and AJL-2 were 16,091 and 31,743 Da, respectively. Intact AJL-1 was comprised of two identical 16-kDa subunits having blocked N(More)
Maximum production of alkaline serine protease by Bacillus alcalophilus subsp. halodurans KP 1239 was achieved after 24 h cultivation, at an initial pH of 7.6, on a medium containing 1.0% sodium citrate, 0.3% yeast extract, and 0.3% KH2PO4. The enzyme was purified to crystalline form from culture broth. The enzyme was most active at 60° C and at pH 11.5.(More)
The skin mucus IgM is an important molecule in the mucosal immune system of teleost skin. However, the transport mechanism associated with this molecule has yet to be clarified. In this study, we isolated a gene encoding a polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR) from a species of teleost fish, Takifugu rubripes (fugu). This gene is known to be an Ig transporter in the(More)
The gene coding for a thermostable exo-α-1,4-glucosidase (α-glucoside glucohydrolase: EC 3.2.1.20) of Bacillus stearothermophilus ATCC 12016 was cloned within a 2.8-kb AvaI fragment of DNA using the plasmid pUC19 as a vector and Escherichia coli JM109 as a host. E. coli with the hybrid plasmid accumulated exo-α-1,4-glucosidase mainly in the cytoplasm. The(More)