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A statistical survey conducted at the end of 2005 covered 3985 medical facilities across Japan, and 3940 facilities (98.87%) responded. The dialysis population in Japan at the end of 2005 was 257,765, which showed an increase of 9599 patients (3.87%) from the end of the previous year. The number of patients per million was 2017.6. The crude death rate for(More)
A nationwide statistical survey of 4226 dialysis facilities was conducted at the end of 2010, and 4166 facilities (98.6%) responded. The number of new patients introduced into dialysis was 37,512 in 2010. This number has decreased for two consecutive years since it peaked in 2008. The number of patients who died in 2010 was 28,882, which has been increasing(More)
A nationwide statistical survey of 4279 dialysis facilities was conducted at the end of 2012, among which 4238 responded (99.0%). The number of new dialysis patients was 38055 in 2012. Since 2008, the number of new dialysis patients has remained almost the same without any marked increase or decrease. The number of dialysis patients who died in 2012 was(More)
A nationwide statistical survey of 4124 dialysis facilities was conducted at the end of 2008 and 4081 facilities (99.0%) responded. The number of patients undergoing dialysis at the end of 2008 was determined to be 283,421, an increase of 8179 patients (3.0%) compared with that at the end of 2007. The number of dialysis patients per million at the end of(More)
Progression of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of death and hospitalization. It is not sufficiently clear whether treating renal anemia with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has a beneficial effect on early survival after hemodialysis (HD) initiation in patients with CKD. The study was an(More)
Efficient chromosomal movements are important for the fidelity of chromosome segregation during mitosis; however, movements are constrained during interphase by tethering of multiple domains to the nuclear envelope (NE). Higher eukaryotes undergo open mitosis accompanied by NE breakdown, enabling chromosomes to be released from the NE, whereas lower(More)
BACKGROUND The quality of dialysis fluid water might play an important role in hemodialysis patient outcomes. Although targeted endotoxin levels of dialysis fluid vary among countries, evidence of the contribution of these levels to mortality in hemodialysis patients is lacking. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cohort study using data from the Japan Renal Data(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Dialysis patients show "reverse causality" between serum cholesterol and mortality. No previous studies clearly separated the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the risk of death or fatality after such events. We tested a hypothesis that dyslipidemia increases the risk of incident atherosclerotic CVD and that protein(More)