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G proteins of the Ras family function as molecular switches in many signalling cascades; however, little is known about where they become activated in living cells. Here we use FRET (fluorescent resonance energy transfer)-based sensors to report on the spatio-temporal images of growth-factor-induced activation of Ras and Rap1. Epidermal growth factor(More)
Microtubule-associated protein-4 (MAP-4), a major MAP in proliferating cells, consists of a microtubule-binding domain and a projection domain protruding from the microtubule wall. The former contains a Pro-rich region and an assembly-promoting (AP) sequence region which is common to the neuron-specific MAPs, MAP-2 and tau1. In this paper, we describe the(More)
Many receptors for neuropeptides and hormones are coupled with the heterotrimeric G(i) protein, which activates the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK/MAPK) cascade through both the alpha- and betagamma-subunits of G(i). The betagamma-subunit activates the ERK/MAPK cascade through tyrosine kinase. Constitutively active G(alpha)i2 (gip2) isolated(More)
C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rap1, and is activated via Crk adaptor protein. To understand the physiological role of C3G, we generated C3G knockout mice. C3G(-/-) homozygous mice died before embryonic day 7.5. The lethality was rescued by the expression of the human C3G transgene, which could be excised upon the expression of Cre(More)
In a primary co-culture of spermatogenic and Sertoli cells of the rat, many spermatogenic cells die by apoptosis and are subsequently engulfed by Sertoli cells. We investigated the mechanism of this phagocytosis reaction. Testicular cells from 20-day-old rats were cultured, and spermatogenic cells and Sertoli cells were separated. When the recovered(More)
We characterized a novel guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Ras family G proteins that is highly homologous to CalDAG-GEFI, a GEF for Rap1 and R-Ras, and to RasGRP/CalDAG-GEFII, a GEF for Ras and R-Ras. This novel GEF, referred to as CalDAG-GEFIII, increased the GTP/GDP ratio of Ha-Ras, R-Ras, and Rap1 in 293T cells. CalDAG-GEFIII promoted the(More)
The regulation of p34cdc2 kinase activity controls the entry into and exit from mitosis. Although genetic and biochemical evidence suggested close interactions between cyclins, p13suc1 and p34cdc2 kinase, the roles of p13suc1 on p34cdc2 kinase functions remain unclear. To examine the effects of p13suc1 on p34cdc2 kinase function we developed a simple(More)
Phosphorylation of desmin filament by cdc2 kinase induced a transition toward the depolymerized state of the filament. Sequence analysis of purified phosphopeptides derived from cdc2 kinase-phosphorylated desmin revealed that Ser-6, Ser-22 and Thr-64 in the N-terminal head domain were the sites phosphorylated.
The mouse analog of yeast CDC2+ kinase was detected in the cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions of cultured mouse FM3A cells. Its activity in the nuclear fraction increased in the G2/M phase became seven times higher than that in the G1/S phase, while the activity in the cytoplasmic fraction remained was almost constant from the G1/S to G1 phases. The activity(More)
A mouse temperature-sensitive mutant for cell growth, tsFT210, was characterized. More than 90% of the mutant cells were arrested at the G2 phase at the nonpermissive temperature (39 degrees C). In this mutant, the activity of cdc2 kinase did not increase at the nonpermissive temperature (39 degrees C) but did increase at the permissive temperature (33(More)