Yuzhe Yuan

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The scorpion depressant toxins are a group of evolutionarily conserved polypeptides targeting sodium channels, which show preferential ability to induce flaccid paralysis in insects, making them attractive candidates for the construction of transgenic plants or viral vectors to control pests. In this study, two new depressant toxin-like peptides (BmKITc and(More)
Maraviroc, an (HIV-1) entry inhibitor, binds to CCR5 and efficiently prevents R5 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from using CCR5 as a coreceptor for entry into CD4(+) cells. However, HIV-1 can elude maraviroc by using the drug-bound form of CCR5 as a coreceptor. This property is known as noncompetitive resistance. HIV-1(V3-M5) derived from(More)
Scorpion depressant toxins represent a distinct pharmacological group of sodium channel neurotoxins, identified by their preferential ability in induction of depressant and flaccid paralysis of insects. However, recent observations that some members in this group exhibit anti-mammal activity raise an interesting evolutionary question of whether it is a(More)
Drosotoxin is an engineered tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium channel-specific blocker with a non-toxic structural core (Zhu et al. Biochem Pharmacol 2010; 80:1296-302). Here, we report the discovery and functional characterization of a carboxyl-terminally truncated analogue of drosotoxin (named DrTx(1-42)) which selectively inhibited dorsal root(More)
The design of animal toxins with high target selectivity has long been a goal in protein engineering. Based on evolutionary relationship between the Drosophila antifungal defensin (drosomycin) and scorpion depressant Na(+) channel toxins, we exploited a strategy to create a novel chimeric molecule (named drosotoxin) with high selectivity for channel(More)
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