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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in China with urbanization and socioeconomic development. There is however a lack of prospective, population-based epidemiology study on IBD in China. The aim of the study is to define the incidence and clinical characteristics of IBD in a developed region of Guangdong(More)
Endothelin (ET-1) was initially identified as a potent vasoconstrictor contributing to the maintenance of vascular rhythm. Later studies have implicated ET-1, when aberrantly up-regulated within the vasculature, in a range of human pathologies associated with disruption of vascular homeostasis. ET-1 has been shown to invoke strong pro-inflammatory response(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in lung cancer metastasis. The class III deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) possesses both pro- and anticarcinogenic properties. The role of SIRT1 in lung cancer EMT is largely undefined. METHODS The effect of SIRT1 on migration of lung cancer cells was evaluated by wound healing assay(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is an underlying cause of endothelial dysfunction, which is an early event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In our previous study, we established an ARE-driven luciferase reporter system and screened out several potential Nrf2 activators from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. PURPOSE Since miltirone(More)
RATIONALE Endothelial dysfunction inflicted by inflammation is found in a host of cardiovascular pathologies. One hallmark event in this process is the aggregation and adhesion of leukocyte to the vessel wall mediated by the upregulation of adhesion molecules (CAM) in endothelial cells at the transcriptional level. The epigenetic modulator(s) of CAM(More)
RATIONALE Atherosclerosis proceeds through a multistep reaction that begins with endothelial injury caused by a host of stress signals, among which oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays a critical role. OxLDL disrupts normal functionality of the endothelium by upregulating adhesion molecules (eg, ICAM-1) and concomitantly downregulating endothelial(More)
Antigen-dependent stimulation of T cells plays a critical role in adaptive immunity and host defense. Activation of major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) molecules, dictated by Class II transactivator (CIITA), is considered a pivotal step in this process. The mechanism underlying differential regulation of CIITA activity by the post-translational(More)
Chronic inflammation plays a major role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), by expressing and presenting major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) molecules, help recruit T lymphocyte and initiate the inflammatory response within the vasculature. We have previously shown that VSMCs isolated from mice with(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulates endothelin (ET-1) transcription, which contributes to cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. We have previously reported that myocardin related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) is indispensable for ET-1 transcription in vascular endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions, indicating that MRTF-A might mediate Ang II-induced(More)
Decreased expression of collagen by vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) within the atherosclerotic plaque contributes to the thinning of the fibrous cap and poses a great threat to plaque rupture. Elucidation of the mechanism underlying repressed collagen type I (COL1A2) gene would potentially provide novel solutions that can prevent rupture-induced(More)