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OBJECTIVE The high prevalence of cigarette smoking among substance-abusing patients has raised concern. This study assessed the prevalence of and factors related to smoking cessation services and smoke-free policies in substance abuse treatment facilities in the United States. METHODS Facility-level data were obtained from the 2012 National Survey of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared marijuana use characteristics and quit behaviors between adults with and without depression or serious psychological distress (SPD). METHODS Drawing data for 39,133 non-institutionalized adults from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we assessed marijuana use status, frequent use, dependence or abuse, and quit(More)
Weappreciate the opportunity to respond to theLetter to the Editor entitled ‘‘Might excess bodyweight to be beneficial for the community-dwelling older people?’’ regarding our recent article on the relationship between body weight status and onset of functional limitations in U.S. middle-aged and older adults published in the Disability and Health Journal.(More)
INTRODUCTION Concurrent use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco is common, but little is known regarding the association of smokeless tobacco use with cigarette smoking cessation. Dual users may have lower cigarette consumption levels, which may also play a role in smoking cessation. METHODS The 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population(More)
BACKGROUND Although most US states prohibit cigarette smoking in public places and worksites, fewer jurisdictions regulate indoor use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the dramatic increase in e-cigarette use and concern about its impact on non-users, there is a need to examine the use of e-cigarettes in smoke-free environments and related(More)
PURPOSE To examine the association between medical marijuana dispensary (MMD) availability and adolescent marijuana use. METHODS The study sample was comprised of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders (N=14,953) from 141 schools in the 2014 Monitoring the Future study, who resided in the 18 states that had legalized medical marijuana as of January 1, 2014.(More)
OBJECTIVES Little cigars and cigarillos may resemble cigarettes, but may be less expensive and can be purchased singly and in flavored varieties. We used two major U.S. surveys to investigate use of cigarillos and cigarettes. METHODS The 2010/2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey ascertained cigar use by brand and type (little(More)
AIMS To assess the associations between types of cannabis control policies at country level and prevalence of adolescent cannabis use. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN Multilevel logistic regressions were performed on 172,894 adolescents 15 year of age who participated in the 2001/2002, 2005/2006, or 2009/2010 cross-sectional Health Behaviour in(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are heavily marketed and widely perceived as helpful for quitting or reducing smoking intensity. We test whether ever-use of e-cigarettes among early adopters was associated with: 1) increased cigarette smoking cessation; and 2) reduced cigarette consumption. METHODS A representative cohort of U.S. smokers(More)