Yuya Yoshimoto

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To develop more effective therapies for patients with advanced gastric cancer, we examined the potential of ex vivo expanded natural killer (NK) cells. We assessed the expression of ligands for NK Group 2 Member D (NKG2D, an important NK activation molecule) in primary tumors from 102 patients with gastric cancer by immunohistochemistry and determined their(More)
Although it has been shown that chemoradiotherapy may induce immunogenic cell death, which could trigger T-cell immunity mediated by high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and calreticulin, there is still limited information to support this theory directly in a clinical setting. In the present study, we evaluated antigen-specific T-cell responses against(More)
PURPOSE There is growing evidence that tumor-specific immune responses play an important role in anti-cancer therapy, including radiotherapy. Using mouse tumor models we demonstrate that irradiation-induced anti-tumor immunity is essential for the therapeutic efficacy of irradiation and can be augmented by modulation of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
X-ray radiotherapy activates tumor antigen-specific T-cell responses, and increases in the serum levels of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) induced by X-ray irradiation play a pivotal role in activating anti-tumor immunity. Here, we examined whether carbon-ion beams, as well as X-rays, can induce HMGB1 release from human cancer cell lines. The study(More)
OBJECTIVE Enhancing immunologic responses, including human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I expression on tumor cells and recognition and elimination of tumor cells by tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL), is considered a novel concept of radiotherapy. The present study examined patients who underwent preoperative hyperthermo-chemoradiotherapy (HCRT)(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare dose reduction to the small bowel and sacral bone by two-field and four-field techniques when the common iliac lymph node region is excluded from the radiation field in external beam radiotherapy of uterine cervical cancer. Thirteen patients with cervical cancer were entered into the study. Conventional treatment(More)
PURPOSE Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer with no curative therapies available. To date, strategies to target ATC by immunotherapy have not been evaluated. We investigated whether ATC would be a suitable target for natural killer (NK) cell-based immunotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We first established seven(More)
In cancer therapy today, carbon ion radiotherapy is used mainly as monotherapy, whereas cisplatin is used concomitantly with X-ray radiotherapy. The effectiveness of concomitant carbon ions and cisplatin is unclear. To obtain the information on the mechanisms potentially shared between carbon ions or X-rays and cisplatin, we assessed the correlation of(More)
 To date, there have been no adequate studies examining the kinetics of anticoagulant binding to the continuous hemofilter membranes used in continuous blood purification therapy. In this study, we compared the binding kinetics of conventional heparin (CH), argatroban (ARG), and nafamostat mesilate (NM) with various types of continuous hemofilter membranes(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) correlates with cell survival under hypoxia and regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key protein in hypoxia-related events. However, the role of mTOR in radio-resistance has not been fully investigated. Therefore, the effect of mTOR on the radio-resistance of cancer cells under hypoxia was evaluated(More)